This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

Seemingly the past participle of a verb *eupaną, *ūpaną, though no other evidence of such a verb exists. Related to *upp (up) and thus originally meaning "lying on top" > "clear, open".[1]

Pronunciation Edit

Adjective Edit


  1. open

Inflection Edit

Derived terms Edit

Descendants Edit

References Edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Heidermanns, Frank (1993), “upana-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch der germanischen Primäradjektive (Studia linguistica Germanica; 33) (in German), Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter, →ISBN, pages 639f