This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic Edit

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *ud-s- (up, out), from Proto-Indo-European *úd (up, out); or perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂u-s- (off, from), related to Latin au-, Sanskrit अव- (ava-, off, down). Etymologically identical with Proto-Germanic *uz (out, out of).

Prefix Edit


  1. up, out

Derived terms Edit

See also Edit

Descendants Edit

  • Proto-West Germanic: *uʀ-
    • Old English: or-
      • Middle English: or-
    • Old Frisian: or-
      • Saterland Frisian: uur-
      • West Frisian: oar-
    • Old Saxon: ur-, or-
      • Middle Low German: or-
        • German Low German: oor-
    • Old Dutch: ur-, or-
    • Old High German: ur-
  • Gothic: 𐌿𐍃- (us-)