This Proto-Hellenic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Hellenic Edit

Proto-Hellenic numbers (edit)
 ←  10  ←  90 100 1,000  → 
    Cardinal: *hekətón

Etymology Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm with unexpected prefix *he-, the origin of which is disputed:

  • probably by analogy with *hen- (one), thus a compound “one hundred”, but this does not explain the loss of /n/;
  • perhaps from earlier *hə- (equivalent to the zero-grade of the above), from Proto-Indo-European *sm̥- (whole, one), with a vowel change due to either dissimilation or influence from full-grade *hen- (cf. also PIE *sm̥-ǵʰesl- (one thousand));
  • according to Kortlandt, from *ekətón with sporadic aspiration (maybe due to folk-etymological contamination by *hen-), wholly inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ḱm̥tóm. Per his version of glottalic theory, this reflects pre-PIE **dḱm̥tóm, thus providing a link to *déḱm̥ (ten).[1][2] Compare *ewī́kəti (twenty).

Numeral Edit


  1. hundred

Descendants Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Kortlandt, Frederik (1983), “Greek numerals and PIE glottalic consonants”, in Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft [Munich Studies in Linguistics], volume 42, pages 97–104
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἑκατόν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 397