This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

Zero grade form of the numeral stem *sem- (one, together).

Prefix edit


  1. one
  2. with, together

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: ամ- (am-, at, with, together)
  • Proto-Hellenic:
  • Proto-Italic:
    • Latin: sem-, sim-
      • Latin: semper (always) (see there for further descendants)
      • Latin: simītu
      • Latin: simplex (single, simple) (see there for further descendants)
      • Latin: simplus (simple) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
    • Proto-Indo-Aryan:
      • Sanskrit: (sa-, together, with)
    • Proto-Iranian: *ha-
      • Avestan: 𐬵𐬀-(ha-, with, together)
      • Old Persian: 𐏃 (h /⁠ha-⁠/)

Derived terms edit

Category Proto-Indo-European terms prefixed with *sm̥- not found