Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵʰéyos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *ǵʰey- +‎ *-os. A Southern Indo-European word (found only in Armenian and Indo-Iranian), *ǵʰéyos represented a poetic word, belonging to the “language of gods”, as opposed to the usual unmarked *h₁éḱwos.

NounEdit

*ǵʰéyos m

  1. horse
    Synonyms: *h₁éḱwos, *márkos, *mendyos

InflectionEdit

Thematic
singular
nominative *ǵʰéyos
genitive *ǵʰéyosyo
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵʰéyos *ǵʰéyoh₁ *ǵʰéyoes
vocative *ǵʰéye *ǵʰéyoh₁ *ǵʰéyoes
accusative *ǵʰéyom *ǵʰéyoh₁ *ǵʰéyoms
genitive *ǵʰéyosyo *? *ǵʰéyooHom
ablative *ǵʰéyead *? *ǵʰéyomos
dative *ǵʰéyoey *? *ǵʰéyomos
locative *ǵʰéyey, *ǵʰéyoy *? *ǵʰéyoysu
instrumental *ǵʰéyoh₁ *? *ǵʰéyōys

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: *jeio-
    • Old Armenian: ձի (ji)
  • Indo-Iranian: *ȷ́ʰáyas (see there for further descendants)