Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-eh₂tos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *-eh₂ + *-tós.

SuffixEdit

*-eh₂tos

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns, indicating the possession of a thing or a quality.

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *-eh₂tos *-eh₂teh₂
genitive *-eh₂tosyo *-eh₂teh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *-eh₂tos *-eh₂toh₁ *-eh₂toes
vocative *-eh₂te *-eh₂toh₁ *-eh₂toes
accusative *-eh₂tom *-eh₂toh₁ *-eh₂toms
genitive *-eh₂tosyo *? *-eh₂toHom
ablative *-eh₂tead *? *-eh₂tomos
dative *-eh₂toey *? *-eh₂tomos
locative *-eh₂tey, *-eh₂toy *? *-eh₂toysu
instrumental *-eh₂toh₁ *? *-eh₂tōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *-eh₂teh₂ *-eh₂teh₂h₁(e) *-eh₂teh₂es
vocative *-eh₂teh₂ *-eh₂teh₂h₁(e) *-eh₂teh₂es
accusative *-eh₂tām *-eh₂teh₂h₁(e) *-eh₂teh₂m̥s
genitive *-eh₂teh₂s *? *-eh₂teh₂oHom
ablative *-eh₂teh₂s *? *-eh₂teh₂mos
dative *-eh₂teh₂ey *? *-eh₂teh₂mos
locative *-eh₂teh₂, *-eh₂teh₂i *? *-eh₂teh₂su
instrumental *-eh₂teh₂h₁ *? *-eh₂teh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *-eh₂tom *-eh₂toy(h₁) *-eh₂teh₂
vocative *-eh₂tom *-eh₂toy(h₁) *-eh₂teh₂
accusative *-eh₂tom *-eh₂toy(h₁) *-eh₂teh₂
genitive *-eh₂tosyo *? *-eh₂toHom
ablative *-eh₂tead *? *-eh₂tomos
dative *-eh₂toey *? *-eh₂tomos
locative *-eh₂tey, *-eh₂toy *? *-eh₂toysu
instrumental *-eh₂toh₁ *? *-eh₂tōys

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *-āˀtas
  • Proto-Germanic: *-ōdaz
  • Proto-Italic: *-ātos