Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-atъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-āˀtas, from Proto-Indo-European *-eh₂tos. Technically, could also reflect Proto-Indo-European *-eh₃tós, though, this suffix is encountered only sporadically in lemmas of uncertain origin, e.g. Ancient Greek κῑβωτός (kībōtós, coffer, wooden box, container).

Reflects Latin -ātus, Ancient Greek -ᾰτος (-atos) or Proto-Indo-Iranian *-ātas in loanwords such as demotic Late Church Slavonic креватъ (krevatŭ, coach) from Ancient Greek κράββατος (krábbatos, bed) or Proto-Slavic *xorvatъ from a Scythian ethnonym, rendered as Χοροάθος (Khoroáthos) in Ancient Greek records.

Suffix 1Edit

*-а̀tъ m

  1. Forms agent or instrument nouns from reanalyzed adjectives
    *sǫpostatъ (adversary, opponent)*sъpostati (to juxtapose, to оppose)
    *kosatъ (pigtail, dorsal fin (of fish, sharks or cetacea))*kosa (hair)
    *lopata f (shovel, spade)*lopъ (sheet, leaf)

Alternative formsEdit

DeclensionEdit

Suffix 2Edit

*-àtъ

  1. From agents, creates adjectives denoting a property or characteristic, usually with hyperbolic connotation
    *bȏgъ (wealth, share; god)*bogàtъ (wealthy)
    *mǫžь (man)*(vъz)mǫžàtъ (masculine, manly)
  2. From objects, creates adjectives denoting a characteristic or shape
    *kostь (bone)*kostàtъ (having prominent bones, bony)
    *dȇrvo (wood; tree)*dervàtъ (abounding in trees, woody)
    *ȃje (egg)*ajàtъ (ovate, egg-shaped)
    *krьstъ (crucifix)*krьstàtъ (cross, transverse)
  3. From body parts, creates adjectives referring to the respective part
    *bordà (beard)*bordàtъ (bearded)
    *čelò (forehead)*čelàtъ (having large/prominent forehead)
    *usta (mouth)*ustàtъ (having big mouth; figr. chatty, garrulous)
    *uxo (ear)*ušàtъ (having prominent ears)
  4. From adjectives extended with *-ovъ, creates approximative doublets of the original adjective (somewhat like -ish in English). Equivalent to *-ovàtъ
    From o-stem adjectives:
    *glupъ (dumb, stupid)*glupovàtъ (simple-minded)
    *ostrъ (acute, sharp)*ostrovàtъ (pointy, relatively sharp)
    From former i-stem adjectives:
    *grozьnъ (ugly, terrible)*grozьnovàtъ (unpleasant, bad-tempered)
    *pьlnъ (full)*pьlnovàtъ (tending towards fullness, relatively full)
    From former u-stem adjectives:
    *lьgъkъ (light, not heavy)*lьgъkovàtъ (lightweight, relatively light)
    *mękъkъ (soft)*mękъkovàtъ (softish, relatively soft)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -атꙑи (-atyi)
  • South Slavic:

Further readingEdit