Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-tm̥mós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

*-tm̥mós[1]

  1. absolute superlative adjectival suffix.

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *-tm̥mós *-tm̥méh₂
genitive *-tm̥mósyo *-tm̥méh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *-tm̥mós *-tm̥móh₁ *-tm̥móes
vocative *-tm̥mé *-tm̥móh₁ *-tm̥móes
accusative *-tm̥móm *-tm̥móh₁ *-tm̥móms
genitive *-tm̥mósyo *? *-tm̥móHom
ablative *-tm̥méad *? *-tm̥mómos
dative *-tm̥móey *? *-tm̥mómos
locative *-tm̥méy, *-tm̥móy *? *-tm̥móysu
instrumental *-tm̥móh₁ *? *-tm̥mṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *-tm̥méh₂ *-tm̥méh₂h₁(e) *-tm̥méh₂es
vocative *-tm̥méh₂ *-tm̥méh₂h₁(e) *-tm̥méh₂es
accusative *-tm̥mā́m *-tm̥méh₂h₁(e) *-tm̥méh₂m̥s
genitive *-tm̥méh₂s *? *-tm̥méh₂oHom
ablative *-tm̥méh₂s *? *-tm̥méh₂mos
dative *-tm̥méh₂ey *? *-tm̥méh₂mos
locative *-tm̥méh₂, *-tm̥méh₂i *? *-tm̥méh₂su
instrumental *-tm̥méh₂h₁ *? *-tm̥méh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *-tm̥móm *-tm̥móy(h₁) *-tm̥méh₂
vocative *-tm̥móm *-tm̥móy(h₁) *-tm̥méh₂
accusative *-tm̥móm *-tm̥móy(h₁) *-tm̥méh₂
genitive *-tm̥mósyo *? *-tm̥móHom
ablative *-tm̥méad *? *-tm̥mómos
dative *-tm̥móey *? *-tm̥mómos
locative *-tm̥méy, *-tm̥móy *? *-tm̥móysu
instrumental *-tm̥móh₁ *? *-tm̥mṓys

Derived termsEdit

Category Proto-Indo-European adjectives suffixed with *-tm̥mós not found

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Germanic: *-umô (< *-m̥mō < *-m̥mós, see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *-təmos
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *-tamás (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *-temos

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) , “Comparison of Adjectives”, in New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § Absolutives in *-(t)m̥mo-., pages 364-366
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) , “Comparison of Adjectives”, in New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, § Morphological Composites (*-isto-, *-ison-, and the like)., pages 357-358
  3. ^ de Goede, Tim (2014) , de Vaan, Michiel, editors, Derivational Morphology: New Perspectives on the Italo-Celtic Hypothesis (Research master thesis)[1], Leiden University, pages 61-62
  4. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[2], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, page 164: “*-(i)sama”
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN