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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰéreti

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Thematic root verb of the root *bʰer-.

VerbEdit

*bʰéreti (imperfective)[1]

  1. to be carrying

InflectionEdit

Imperfective, thematic
3rd singular *bʰéreti
3rd plural *bʰéronti
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰéroh₂ *bʰérom *bʰérōh₂ *bʰéroyh₁m̥
2nd singular *bʰéresi *bʰéres *bʰére *bʰérēsi *bʰéroys
3rd singular *bʰéreti *bʰéret *bʰéretu *bʰérēti *bʰéroyt
1st dual *bʰérowos *bʰérowe *bʰérōwos *bʰéroywe
2nd dual *bʰéretes *bʰéretom *bʰéretom *bʰérētes *bʰéroytom
3rd dual *bʰéretes *bʰéretām *bʰéretām *bʰérētes *bʰéroytām
1st plural *bʰéromos *bʰérome *bʰérōmos *bʰéroyme
2nd plural *bʰérete *bʰérete *bʰérete *bʰérēte *bʰéroyte
3rd plural *bʰéronti *bʰéront *bʰérontu *bʰérōnti *bʰéroyh₁n̥t
Participle *bʰéronts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *bʰéroh₂er *bʰéroh₂e *bʰérōh₂er *bʰéroyh₂e
2nd singular *bʰéreth₂er *bʰéreth₂e *bʰéreso *bʰérēth₂er *bʰéroyth₂e
3rd singular *bʰéretor *bʰéreto *? *bʰérētor *bʰéroyto, *bʰéroyh₁o
1st dual *bʰérowosdʰh₂ *bʰérowedʰh₂ *bʰérōwosdʰh₂ *bʰéroywedʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *bʰéromosdʰh₂ *bʰéromedʰh₂ *bʰérōmosdʰh₂ *bʰéroymedʰh₂
2nd plural *bʰéredʰh₂we *bʰéredʰh₂we *bʰéredʰh₂we *bʰérēdʰh₂we *bʰéroydʰh₂we
3rd plural *bʰéroror, *bʰérontor *bʰéroro, *bʰéronto *? *bʰérōror, *bʰérōntor *bʰéroyro, *bʰéroyh₁n̥to
Participle *bʰéromnos

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *berja
    • Albanian: bie (to bring)
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *ber-
  • Celtic: *bereti (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *beraną (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *pʰérō (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *bʰárati (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *ferō (see there for further descendants)
  • Messapic: beran (bring)[2]
  • Tocharian:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Carlos Quiles, Kárlos Kūriákī, Fernando López-Menchero (2011) A Grammar of Modern Indo European[1], Indo-European Language Association, →ISBN, page 104