Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/bʰardʰéh₂

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly Northern Indo-European substratum word or a late PIE regionalism with otherwise atypical/non-existent phoneme */a/.

NounEdit

*bʰardʰéh₂ f[1][2][3]

  1. beard

InflectionEdit

Thematic in *-eh₂
singular
nominative *bʰardʰéh₂
genitive *bʰardʰéh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *bʰardʰéh₂ *bʰardʰéh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰéh₂es
vocative *bʰardʰéh₂ *bʰardʰéh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰéh₂es
accusative *bʰardʰā́m *bʰardʰéh₂h₁(e) *bʰardʰéh₂m̥s
genitive *bʰardʰéh₂s *? *bʰardʰéh₂oHom
ablative *bʰardʰéh₂s *? *bʰardʰéh₂mos
dative *bʰardʰéh₂ey *? *bʰardʰéh₂mos
locative *bʰardʰéh₂, *bʰardʰéh₂i *? *bʰardʰéh₂su
instrumental *bʰardʰéh₂h₁ *? *bʰardʰéh₂bʰi

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Balto-Slavic: *bardā́ˀ (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *bardaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *farβā (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 55
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 69
  3. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 251