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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative reconstructionsEdit



  1. to facilitate, improve
  2. good

Derived termsEdit

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *bʰed- not found
  • *bʰod-os (thematic nominal)
    • Celtic: *bodos (good will)
    • Germanic: *bataz (good) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰod-yó-s (Caland comparative extension)
    • Germanic: *batiz (better) (see there for further descendants)[2]
  • *bʰəd-ró-s (Caland ro-extension)
  • *bʰod-éye-ti (eye-causative)
    • Germanic: *batjaną (to get better) (see there for further descendants)
  • *bʰōd-eh₂ (nomen abstractum)
    • Germanic: *bōtō (improvement) (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “bhad-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 106
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*batiz”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 55