EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English bothe, boþe, from Old English þā (both the; both those) and Old Norse báðir, from Proto-Germanic *bai. Cognate with Saterland Frisian bee (both), West Frisian beide (both), Dutch beide (both), German beide (both), Swedish både, båda, Danish både, Norwegian både, Icelandic báðir. Replaced Middle English from a form of Old English bēġen.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

both

  1. Each of the two; one and the other; referring to two individuals or items.
    Both children are such dolls.

Usage notesEdit

This word does not come between a possessive and its head noun. Say both of my hands or both my hands, not *my both hands. Say, both the king's horses, not *the king's both horses.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

PronounEdit

both

  1. Each of the two, or of the two kinds.
    "Did you want this one or that one?" — "Give me both."
    They were both here.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.

ConjunctionEdit

both

  1. Including both of (used with and).
    Both you and I are students.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, →ISBN:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. There was a great deal of them, lavish both in material and in workmanship.
  2. (obsolete) Including all of (used with and).

TranslationsEdit

QuotationsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish both (hut, cabin), from Proto-Celtic *butā (compare Middle Welsh bot (dwelling)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be). Related to English booth.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

both f (genitive singular botha, nominative plural bothanna or botha)

  1. booth, hut

DeclensionEdit

Alternative declension

Derived termsEdit

  • bothach (hutted, full of huts, adjective)
  • bothán m (shanty, cabin; hut, shed, coop)
  • bothchampa m (hutment)
  • bothóg f (shanty, cabin)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
both bhoth mboth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 17

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (booth)

Etymology 2Edit

DeterminerEdit

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

PronounEdit

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

ConjunctionEdit

both

  1. Alternative form of bothe (both)

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

both f (genitive buithe)

  1. Alternative form of buid

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bothL
Vocative bothL
Accusative buithN
Genitive buitheH
Dative buithL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

VerbEdit

·both

  1. preterite passive conjunct of at·tá