both

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English boþe, from Old Norse báðir, from Proto-Germanic *bai-. Cognate with German and Dutch beide ‎(both), Swedish både, båda, Danish både, Icelandic báðir.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

both

  1. Each of the two; one and the other.
    "Did you want this one or that one?" "Give me both."
    Both children are such dolls.
    • Bible, Genesis xxi. 27
      Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.
    • Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751)
      He will not bear the loss of his rank, because he can bear the loss of his estate; but he will bear both, because he is prepared for both.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, An Autobiography, Part II, chapter4:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. There was a great deal of them, lavish both in material and in workmanship.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.
  2. (obsolete) Each of more than two.

TranslationsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

both

  1. including both (used with and)
    Both you and I are students

TranslationsEdit

QuotationsEdit

See alsoEdit

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923: thing · set · told · #197: both · having · look · heard

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish both ‎(hut, bothy, cot; cabin), from Proto-Celtic *butā (compare Middle Welsh bot ‎(dwelling)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- ‎(to be).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

both f ‎(genitive singular botha, nominative plural bothanna)

  1. booth, hut

DeclensionEdit

Alternative declension

Derived termsEdit

  • bothach ‎(hutted, full of huts, adj)
  • bothán m ‎(shanty, cabin; hut, shed, coop)
  • bothchampa m ‎(hutment)
  • bothóg f ‎(shanty, cabin)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
both bhoth mboth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "both" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 2 both” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

VerbEdit

·both

  1. preterite passive conjunct of at·tá
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