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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English boþe, from Old Norse báðir, from Proto-Germanic *bai-. Cognate with German beide (both), Dutch beide (both), Swedish både, båda, Danish både, Icelandic báðir. Replaced Middle English from Old English and begen, also from Proto-Germanic *bai-.

PronunciationEdit

DeterminerEdit

both

  1. Each of the two; one and the other; referring to two individuals or items
    "Did you want this one or that one?" — "Give me both."
    Both children are such dolls.
    • Bible, Genesis xxi. 27
      Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.
    • Viscount Bolingbroke (1678-1751)
      He will not bear the loss of his rank, because he can bear the loss of his estate; but he will bear both, because he is prepared for both.
  2. Each of the two kinds; one and the other kind; referring to several individuals or items which are divided into two groups
    I ate five strawberry sweets and three chocolate sweets. Both were very tasty.
    • 2013 July 19, Ian Sample, “Irregular bedtimes may affect children's brains”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 6, page 34:
      Irregular bedtimes may disrupt healthy brain development in young children, according to a study of intelligence and sleeping habits.  ¶ Going to bed at a different time each night affected girls more than boys, but both fared worse on mental tasks than children who had a set bedtime, researchers found.

TranslationsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

both

  1. including both of (used with and)
    Both you and I are students.
    • 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, ISBN 978-0-00-216012-4:
      Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. There was a great deal of them, lavish both in material and in workmanship.
  2. (obsolete) including all of (used with and).

TranslationsEdit

QuotationsEdit

See alsoEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish both (hut, bothy, cot; cabin), from Proto-Celtic *butā (compare Middle Welsh bot (dwelling)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

both f (genitive singular botha, nominative plural bothanna or botha)

  1. booth, hut

DeclensionEdit

Alternative declension

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
both bhoth mboth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "both" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “both” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
  • 2 both” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

VerbEdit

·both

  1. preterite passive conjunct of at·tá