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See also: Bod, BOD, böd, bød, and boð

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of body. The "person" sense may alternatively derive from Scottish Gaelic bodach (old man) via Scots.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bod (plural bods)

  1. (slang) The body.
    Fred likes to keep his bod in shape.
  2. (slang) A person.
    George was a bit of an odd bod.
    • 2005, Richard Templar, The Rules of Management (page 73)
      There were cameras covering car parks, offices, corridors and storage areas in the basement. Result. The security bods started watching as if their lives depended on it.

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chambers 21st Century Dictionary, "bod (noun)"

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *bodъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bod m

  1. (geometry) point
  2. (temperature) point
  3. item (of an agenda)
  4. (sports) point, mark
  5. stab
    • 1866, Josef Bojislav Pichl (translator), Don Quijote de la Mancha[1], Praha: I. L. Kober, translation of original by Miguel de Cervantes, page 34:
      Na moutě duchu! zvolal po těch slovích Sancho; ať nedím tři tisíce šlehů, ale ani tři si nedám, jako nedal bych si tři body dýkou.
      "By all that's good," exclaimed Sancho at this, "I'll just as soon give myself three stabs with a dagger as three, not to say three thousand, lashes.
DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bod in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bod in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse búð.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bod c (singular definite boden, plural indefinite boder)

  1. booth, stall
  2. shop
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse bót.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /boːd/, [b̥oːˀð], [b̥oðˀ]

NounEdit

bod c (singular definite boden, not used in plural form)

  1. fine
  2. penance

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bot, from Old Dutch *bot, from Proto-Germanic *budą.

NounEdit

bod n (plural boden, diminutive bodje n)

  1. order
  2. offer

Derived termsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish bot (tail; penis), from Proto-Celtic *buzdos (tail, penis), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gʷosdʰos (piece of wood).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bod m (genitive singular boid, nominative plural boid)

  1. penis
    Synonyms: cuideog (euphemistic)
  2. (archaic) churl, boor, lout

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bod bhod mbod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "bod" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 bot” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *budą. Cognate with Old Norse boð.

VerbEdit

bod n (nominative plural bodu)

  1. A command, mandate, precept, order; bidding

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

NounEdit

bod m inan

  1. baud

DeclensionEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish bot (tail; penis), from Proto-Celtic *buzdos (tail, penis), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gʷosdʰos (piece of wood).

NounEdit

bod m

  1. (anatomy) penis

Further readingEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 bot” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *bodъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȏd m (Cyrillic spelling бо̑д)

  1. sting (with a needle or a sharp object)
  2. (embroidery, knitting) stitch
  3. (sports) point
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from English baud.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bȏd m (Cyrillic spelling бо̑д)

  1. baud
DeclensionEdit

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish boþ, from Old Norse bóð (Compare Old West Norse búð).

NounEdit

bod c

  1. a shed, a shack, a small building
  2. a shop, a boutique

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bod 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bod boden bodar bodarna
Genitive bods bodens bodars bodarnas

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from German Brot, English bread and Dutch brood.

NounEdit

bod (plural bods)

  1. bread

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Welsh bot, from Proto-Celtic *butā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (to be, become); all the b- initial forms are from the same root.

The vowel-initial forms as well as sy(dd) are from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

The third-person singular present mae originally meant ‘here is’ and is from the same source as yma (here) plus Proto-Celtic *esti. The third-person plural maent (colloquial maen) is derived from the singular by adding the third-person plural verb ending -nt.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bod (first-person singular present wyf)

  1. to be
  2. that... is, that... are, etc. (personal forms: (fy) mod i, (dy) fod di, (ei) fod e/o, (ei) bod hi, (ein) bod ni, (eich) bod chi, (eu) bod nhw)
    Dw i’n meddwl (ei) bod hi’n ddoniol.I think that she’s funny.
    Mae hi’n meddwl (fy) mod i’n dod.She thinks that I’m coming.
    Roedd Eleri yn dweud (dy) fod di’n sâl.Eleri was saying you’re ill.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Bod is the primary auxiliary verb in Welsh, used to form a great number of tenses; see Appendix:Welsh conjugation.
  • The two conditional tenses can be opted between freely.
  • The preterite is relatively rare and mostly interchangeable with the imperfect.
  • In the tenses given here, all forms of bod must be linked to a noun or verb with yn, wedi, or some other similar particle.
  • Bod introduces a subordinate clause only when the corresponding main clause would begin with a form of bod (the verb ‘to be’) in the present or imperfect tense.
  • Nouns are preceded with bod, or fod if the preceding verb is conjugated.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bod fod mod unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • bod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies, 2014