Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰedʰórse

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduplicated stative of the root *dʰers-.

VerbEdit

*dʰedʰórse (stative)[1]

  1. to dare

InflectionEdit

Stative
3rd singular *dʰedʰórse
3rd plural *dʰedʰr̥sḗr
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *dʰedʰórsh₂e *dʰedʰérsoh₂ *dʰedʰr̥syéh₁m̥
2nd singular *dʰedʰórsth₂e *dʰedʰórs, *dʰedʰr̥sdʰí *dʰedʰérsesi *dʰedʰr̥syéh₁s
3rd singular *dʰedʰórse *dʰedʰórstu *dʰedʰérseti *dʰedʰr̥syéh₁t
1st dual *dʰedʰr̥swé *dʰedʰérsowos *dʰedʰr̥sih₁wé
2nd dual *? *dʰedʰr̥stóm *dʰedʰérsetes *dʰedʰr̥sih₁tóm
3rd dual *? *dʰedʰr̥stā́m *dʰedʰérsetes *dʰedʰr̥sih₁tā́m
1st plural *dʰedʰr̥smé *dʰedʰérsomos *dʰedʰr̥sih₁mé
2nd plural *dʰedʰr̥sé *dʰedʰr̥sté *dʰedʰérsete *dʰedʰr̥sih₁té
3rd plural *dʰedʰr̥sḗr *dʰedʰr̥séntu *dʰedʰérsonti *dʰedʰr̥sih₁ént
Participle *dʰedʰr̥swṓs

DescendantsEdit

  • Germanic: *durzaną (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *dʰadʰárša

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN