See also: Dare, DARE, daré, darė, darë, dåre, and даре

English

edit
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Middle English durren, from Old English durran, from Proto-West Germanic *durʀan, from Proto-Germanic *durzaną (to dare), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰedʰórse (to dare), reduplicated stative of the root *dʰers- (to be bold, to dare), an *-s- extension of *dʰer- (to hold, support).

Verb

edit

dare (third-person singular simple present dare or dares or (archaic) dast, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared or (archaic) durst)

  1. (intransitive) To have enough courage (to do something).
    I wouldn't dare (to) argue with my boss.
    • 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene i]:
      The fellow dares not deceive me.
    • 1832, Thomas Macaulay, Parliamentary Reform:
      Why then did not the ministers use their new law? Because they durst not, because they could not.
  2. (transitive) To defy or challenge (someone to do something)
    I dare you to kiss that girl.
  3. (transitive) To have enough courage to meet or do something, go somewhere, etc.; to face up to
    Will you dare death to reach your goal?
    • 1886, Clarence King, The Century:
      To wrest it from barbarism, to dare its solitudes.
  4. (transitive) To terrify; to daunt.
  5. (transitive) To catch (larks) by producing terror through the use of mirrors, scarlet cloth, a hawk, etc., so that they lie still till a net is thrown over them.
Usage notes
edit
  • Dare is a semimodal verb. When used as an auxiliary, the speaker can choose whether to use do-support and the auxiliary "to" when forming negative and interrogative sentences. For example, "I don't dare (to) go", "I dare not go", "I didn't dare (to) go", and "I dared not go" are all correct. Similarly "Dare you go?", "Do you dare (to) go?", "Dared you go?", and "Did you dare (to) go?" are all correct. When not an auxiliary verb, it is different: "I dared him to do it." usually is not written as "I dared him do it.", and "Did you dare him to do it?" is almost never written as "Dared you him do it?"
  • In negative and interrogative sentences where "do" is not used, the third-person singular form of the verb is usually "dare" and not "dares": "Dare he go? He dare not go."
  • Colloquially, "dare not" can be contracted to "daren't". According to the Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, "daren’t" is used occasionally in ordinary past time contexts (Kim daren’t tell them so I had to do it myself).
  • Rare regional forms dassn't and dasn't also exist in the present tense, and archaic forms dursn't and durstn't in the past tense.
  • The expression dare say, used almost exclusively in the first-person singular and in the present tense, means "think probable". It is also spelt daresay.
  • Historically, the simple past of dare was durst. In the first half of the 19th century it was overtaken by dared, which has been markedly more common ever since.
Derived terms
edit
Translations
edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also
edit

Noun

edit

dare (plural dares)

  1. A challenge to prove courage.
  2. The quality of daring; venturesomeness; boldness.
  3. Defiance; challenge.
  4. (games) In the game truth or dare, the choice to perform a dare set by the other players.
    When asked truth or dare, she picked dare.
Derived terms
edit
Translations
edit

Etymology 2

edit

From Middle English, from Old English darian.

Verb

edit

dare (third-person singular simple present dares, present participle daring, simple past and past participle dared)

  1. (obsolete) To stare stupidly or vacantly; to gaze as though amazed or terrified. [16thc.]
  2. (obsolete) To lie or crouch down in fear. [16thc.]

Etymology 3

edit

Noun

edit

dare (plural dares)

  1. A small fish, the dace[1]
    • 1766, Richard Brookes, The art of angling, rock and sea-fishing:
      The Dare is not unlike a Chub, but proportionably less; his Body is more white and flatter, and his Tail more forked.

References

edit

Anagrams

edit

Crimean Tatar

edit

Noun

edit

dare

  1. (music) tambourine

Czech

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

dare

  1. vocative singular of dar

French

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Interjection

edit

dare

  1. quick
edit

Italian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin dare, from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give).

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

dàre (first-person singular present (with syntactic gemination after the verb) , first-person singular past historic dièdi or diédi or détti or (traditional) dètti, past participle dàto, first-person singular future darò, first-person singular subjunctive dìa, first-person singular imperfect subjunctive déssi, second-person singular imperative dài or dà', auxiliary avére) (transitive)

  1. to give (to transfer the possession/holding of something to someone else)
  2. to yield, to bear, to produce, to return
  3. (ditransitive) to name, to call, to refer to [+ del (object)] [+ al (object)]
    Il bue che dà del cornuto all’asinoThe ox who calls the donkey horned
  4. (transitive, vulgar, slang) chiefly in the form "darla": acquiesce to a sexual intercourse

Usage notes

edit

Conjugation

edit

Including lesser-used forms:

Derived terms

edit

Noun

edit

dare m (plural dari)

  1. debit

Anagrams

edit

Japanese

edit

Romanization

edit

dare

  1. Rōmaji transcription of だれ

Latin

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

dare

  1. inflection of :
    1. present active infinitive
    2. second-person singular present passive imperative

Leonese

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin dare, present active infinitive of , from Proto-Italic *didō, from Proto-Indo-European *dédeh₃ti, from the root *deh₃- (give).

Verb

edit

dare

  1. to give

References

edit

Norman

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

edit

dare ? (plural dares)

  1. (continental Normandy, anatomy) belly, stomach

Synonyms

edit

Romanian

edit

Etymology

edit

From da +‎ -re.

Noun

edit

dare f (plural dări)

  1. giving
  2. tax

Declension

edit

Serbo-Croatian

edit

Noun

edit

dare (Cyrillic spelling даре)

  1. vocative singular of dȃr

Slovak

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

dare m

  1. locative singular of dar

Venetian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Latin dare.

Verb

edit

dare

  1. to give

References

edit

West Makian

edit

Etymology

edit

May be related to Ternate doro.

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

dare

  1. (transitive) to fall (from a height)

Conjugation

edit
Conjugation of dare (action verb)
singular plural
inclusive exclusive
1st person tadare madare adare
2nd person nadare fadare
3rd person inanimate idare dadare
animate
imperative nadare, dare fadare, dare

References

edit
  • James Collins (1982) Further Notes Towards a West Makian Vocabulary[2], Pacific linguistics

Zazaki

edit

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): /dɑˈɾə/
  • Hyphenation: da‧re

Noun

edit

dare

  1. tree