Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʷḗn

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a root *gʷen- + *-h₂.

NounEdit

*gʷḗn f

  1. woman

InflectionEdit

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular
nominative *gʷénh₂s
genitive *gʷnéh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *gʷénh₂s *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂es
vocative *gʷḗn *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂es
accusative *gʷénh₂m̥ *gʷénh₂h₁(e) *gʷénh₂m̥s
genitive *gʷnéh₂s *? *gʷnéh₂oHom
ablative *gʷnéh₂s *? *gʷnéh₂mos
dative *gʷnéh₂ey *? *gʷnéh₂mos
locative *gʷnéh₂, *gʷnéh₂i *? *gʷnéh₂su
instrumental *gʷnéh₂h₁ *? *gʷnéh₂bʰi

DescendantsEdit

  • Anatolian:
    • Luwian: 𒉿𒈾𒀜𒋾𒅖 (/wanattis/)
  • Armenian:
  • Balto-Slavic: *génāˀ (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Prussian: genno (vocative singular)
    • Slavic: *žena (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *ben (archaic form) (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *benā (re-formation as ā-stem) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *kwenǭ (see there for further descendants), *kwēniz (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *gʷonā[1]
    • Ancient Greek: γυνή (gunḗ) (see there for further descendants)
    • Mycenaean Greek: 𐀓𐀙𐀊 (ku-na-ja)
  • Indo-Iranian: *ǰánHs, *gnáHs (see there for further descendants)
  • Phrygian: κναικα (knaika)
  • Tocharian: *ćänā[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.academia.edu/36669752/Dis-assembling_Cowgills_Law._Greek_%E1%BC%84%CE%B3%CF%85%CF%81%CE%B9%CF%82_gathering_assembly_between_dialectology_and_Indo-European_reconstruction
  2. ^ Adams, Douglas Q., “śana”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, 2013, →ISBN, pages 676–677