Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gʷet-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*gʷet-[1][2]

  1. resin, gum

Derived termsEdit

  • *gʷét-u ~ gʷét-ú-s
    • Germanic: *kweduz (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *ǰátu (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷetu-yo-s, *gʷetw-iyo-s
  • (perhaps) *gʷet-yeh₂-[5]
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: կեչի (kečʿi, larch; *birch)
        • Armenian: կեչի (kečʿi, birch)
  • *gʷēt-
  • *gʷēt-yo-m
  • Unsorted formations:

RootEdit

*gʷet-[6]

  1. to say, speak

Derived termsEdit

  • *gʷét-e-ti (thematic present)[7]
    • Germanic: *kweþaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷot-éye-ti (eye-causative)[8]
    • Germanic: *kwadjaną (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷot-ye-ti (ye-present)[9][10]
    • Old Armenian: կոչեմ (kočʿem) (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷēt-i-s
    • Germanic: *kwēdiz (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷet-í-s
    • Germanic: *kwidiz (see there for further descendants)
  • *gʷét-ti-s[11]
    • Germanic: *kwissiz (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 64
  4. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1995) Studies in British Celtic historical phonology (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 5), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi, page 326
  5. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 359
  6. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kweþan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 319
  7. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kweþan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 319: “gʷét-e-”
  8. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kwadjan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 314: “gʷot-éie-”
  9. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kweþan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 319: “gʷét-ie-”
  10. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) , “kočʿem”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 371: “*gʷ-ot-i̯e-”
  11. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*kwessi-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 33: “gʷet-ti-”