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See also: Gum and GUM

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English gome, from Old English gōma (palate), from Proto-Germanic *gōmô, *gaumô (palate) (compare German Gaumen, Old Norse gómr (whence Icelandic gómur)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂u-mo- (compare Tocharian A ko, Tocharian B koyṃ (mouth), Lithuanian gomurỹs (palate)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₂w- (to gape, yawn). More at yawn.

NounEdit

gum (plural gums)

  1. (often in the plural) The flesh around the teeth.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal.
  2. (transitive) To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw), as with a gummer.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English gomme, gumme, borrowed from Anglo-Norman gome, from Late Latin gumma, from Latin cummi, gummi, from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi), from Egyptian qmy (anointing oil), qmyt (acanthus resin, gum).

NounEdit

gum (countable and uncountable, plural gums)

  1. (chiefly uncountable) Any of various viscous or sticky substances that are exuded by certain plants.
  2. (chiefly uncountable) Any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exuded by certain plants.
  3. (chiefly uncountable) Chewing gum.
  4. (countable) A single piece of chewing gum.
    Do you have a gum to spare?
  5. (South Africa, often in the plural) A gummi candy.
  6. (US, dialect, Southern US) A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive.
  7. (US, dialect, Southern US) A vessel or bin made from a hollow log.
  8. (US, dialect) A rubber overshoe.
  9. A gum tree.
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. (sometimes with up) To apply an adhesive or gum to; to make sticky by applying a sticky substance to.
    • 2012, Julie Hedgepeth Williams, A Rare Titanic Family: The Caldwells' Story of Survival ISBN 1603061169, page 184:
      However, Albert said in his audiotape and in his speech that a lever designed to release the lifeboat's block and tackle was gummed up with red paint.
  2. To stiffen with glue or gum.
    • Shakespeare
      He frets like a gummed velvet.
  3. (colloquial, with up) To impair the functioning of a thing or process.
    That cheap oil will gum up the engine valves.
    The new editor can gum up your article with too many commas.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gum

  1. genitive plural of guma

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

gum

  1. rafsi of gunma.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gum f pl

  1. genitive plural of guma

ScotsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English gum.

NounEdit

gum (plural gums)

  1. gum

Etymology 2Edit

Origin uncertain; perhaps a specialised use of Etymology 1, above.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

gum (plural gums)

  1. mist, vapour, haze

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

ConjunctionEdit

gum

  1. that
    Tha mi cinnteach gum biodh e toilichte. - I'm certain that he would be happy.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used before b, f, m and p.

TurkmenEdit

NounEdit

gum (definite accusative ?, plural ?)

  1. sand

ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

gum ?

  1. (anatomy) cheek