See also: Bez, beż, běž, bež, bez-, and bez.

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

See bezantler.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bez (plural bezes)

  1. The second tine of an antler's beam, the bezantler.
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

bez

  1. (nonstandard, dialectal) first-person plural simple present of be
    Synonym: (standard) are
    • 2007 October 20, NiggydaHoe, “Re: 79yr old Nigger Idiot was suspended for racist bullshit”, in alt.music.white-power[1] (Usenet):
      We bez run to 'da good bad white man. He gonna fire 'da ova bad white man.
      If 'da bad white man cain't sayz be[sic] niggas bez stupid in 'da heaad, wif' low
      iq an' shit, 'dat mus' mean we bez humans.
  2. (nonstandard, dialectal) third-person plural simple present of be
    Synonym: (standard) are
    • 1860, The Knickerbacker[2], volume 56, Peabody, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 434:
      'They bez goin' like der Tyfel,'
    • 2007 June 13, Mustapha Mond, “Re: Nigger Apologists: Slaves Who Died at Sea Being Honored”, in comp.sys.mac.apps[3] (Usenet):
      >>>>>>> " [] They are not rotting someplace in hell, they bez right
      >>>>>>> here
      >>>>>>> whining wif us."

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin vicis. Compare Aragonese vez.

Noun edit

bez f (plural bezes)

  1. a time
  2. occasion

References edit

Basque edit

Noun edit

bez

  1. instrumental indefinite of be

Czech edit

 
Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛs]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛs

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Czech bez, from Proto-Slavic *bъzъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂ǵos.

Noun edit

bez m inan

  1. elder (bush of genus Sambucus)
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adjective
nouns

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old Czech bez, from Proto-Slavic *bez, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeǵʰs.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. without
    Antonym: s

Further reading edit

  • bez in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bez in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • bez in Internetová jazyková příručka

Kashubian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. without
Derived terms edit
prefix

Etymology 2 edit

Compare Polish bez and Silesian bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+accusative]

  1. through, across

Further reading edit

  • Stefan Ramułt (1893), “bez”, in Słownik języka pomorskiego czyli kaszubskiego, page 6
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011), “bez”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi, volume 1, page 73
  • bez”, in Internetowi Słowôrz Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka [Internet Dictionary of the Kashubian Language], Fundacja Kaszuby, 2022

Latgalian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *beź. Cognates include Latvian bez and Lithuanian be.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbʲɛs]
  • Hyphenation: bez

Preposition edit

bez (+ genitive)

  1. without
  2. (when telling time) to
    Bez desmit deveni.Ten to nine (8:50).

References edit

  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN, page 71

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *beź. Cognates include Latgalian bez and Lithuanian be.

Preposition edit

bez (with genitive)

  1. without
  2. in addition to
  3. apart from

Derived terms edit

Masurian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛs]
  • Syllabification: bez

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. without, lacking

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+accusative]

  1. Synonym: prżez

Further reading edit

  • Erwin Kruk, editor (November 2011), “bez”, in Mały Słownik Gwary Mazurskiej [A Small Dictionary of the Masurian Dialect], archived from the original on 2023-08-11
  • Zofia Stamirowska (1987-2021), “II. bez”, in Anna Basara, editor, Słownik gwar Ostródzkiego, Warmii i Mazur, volume 1, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk, →ISBN, page 165-167

Old Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bъzъ.

Noun edit

bez m inan

  1. elder (bush of genus Sambucus)
Declension edit
Descendants edit
  • Czech: bez

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. Denotes lack; without
    bez divanormally
    bez číslacountless
    Umřěl bez časa.He died prematurely.
    V ten čas bez města budieše(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Jest juž bez ňeho.He's already dead.
  2. Denotes action carried out against someone's wishes.
  3. Denotes interrupted action.
  4. Determines proximity in amount; nearly
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

Old Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /bɛs/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /bɛs/

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bъzъ. First attested in the 15th century.

Noun edit

bez m

  1. elder (bush of genus Sambucus)
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez. First attested in 1418.

Preposition edit

bez

  1. without [+genitive]
  2. contra, against [+genitive]
  3. besides, except [+genitive]
  4. before [+genitive]
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
prefix
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

From bez, due to confusion with the rhyming preposition przez. The two words were and are used interchangeably in various dialects, and in Old Polish przez was about to replace bez around the 14th-15th century. In the written language the earlier distinction ultimately prevailed, however.[1] First attested in c. 1512.

Preposition edit

bez

  1. through, by [+accusative]
Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927), “bez”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, page 21

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Noun edit

bez m inan

  1. elder (bush of genus Sambucus)
  2. lilac (bush of genus Syringa)
    Synonym: lilak
    pachnieć bzemto smell of lilac
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
nouns

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. without, lacking
    Antonym: z
    Proszę o kawę bez mleka.A coffee with no milk, please.
  2. (Middle Polish) minus, less
  3. (Middle Polish) contra, against
  4. (Middle Polish) besides, except
  5. (Middle Polish) without; Further details are uncertain.
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
prefix

Trivia edit

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), bez is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 70 times in scientific texts, 52 times in news, 89 times in essays, 129 times in fiction, and 119 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 459 times, making it the 99th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

Etymology 3 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+accusative]

  1. (Poznań) because of
    Synonym: z powodu
  2. (dialectal) across, through
    Synonym: przez
    • 2000, Aneta Majkowska, Polszczyzna mówiona mieszkańców Częstochowy, page 185:
      Nie tu szosą tylko drogą polną bez pola my jechali z chłopem sąsiadki.
      We drove through the fields with the neighbor's man, not on the paved road, but on a dirt road.

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

bez

  1. genitive plural of beza

References edit

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “bez”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 21

Further reading edit

  • bez in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bez in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • bez”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • bez, beze, biez”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • BEZ”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 09.11.2016
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “bez”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “bez”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “bez”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 119

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic без (bez), from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Adverb edit

bez

  1. (dated) without

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez. Compare bez- and bes-.

Alternative forms edit

Preposition edit

bèz (Cyrillic spelling бѐз) (+ genitive case)

  1. without, excluding, not counting
    bez sumnjewithout a doubt
    ostati bez nečegato lose something, to run out of something, (literally: to stay without something)
    bez obzira na..regardless of.., no matter what..is
    bez kraja i koncaendlessly, without end
    ne bez razloganot without a reason
    bez srcaheartlessly, without a heart
    bez r(ij)ečiwithout a word, speechless
    biti bez nečegato be lacking in, to be deficient in, to lack (literally: to be without something)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishبز(bez), from Arabicبَزّ(bazz). Akin to bezistan, bezli, besofra and bespara.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bȅz m (Cyrillic spelling бе̏з)

  1. linen, canvas
  2. (specifically) a type of cotton-made linen or canvas used in Oriental costumes, of several possible forms: ćereće, sedeluk, kafez or kafez-bez, melez, harir, šejtanbez and harirbez.
Declension edit

References edit

  • bez” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • bez” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 140

Silesian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+genitive]

  1. without
Derived terms edit
prefix

Etymology 2 edit

Inherited from Old Polish bez.

Preposition edit

bez [+accusative]

  1. Alternative form of przez.

Further reading edit

  • bez in dykcjonorz.eu
  • bez in silling.org

Slovak edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bez.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

bez (+ genitive)

  1. without
    Antonyms: s, so

Further reading edit

  • bez”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Tatar edit

Noun edit

bez

  1. awl

Turkish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkishبز(bez); see there for more. The ultimate origin is Arabicبَزّ(bazz), however, an influence from Byzantine Greek βύσσος (bússos) has been postulated in order to explain the mismatch in the vowels.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbez/
  • Hyphenation: bez

Noun edit

bez (definite accusative bezi, plural bezler)

  1. cloth
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative bez
Definite accusative bezi
Singular Plural
Nominative bez bezler
Definite accusative bezi bezleri
Dative beze bezlere
Locative bezde bezlerde
Ablative bezden bezlerden
Genitive bezin bezlerin

Etymology 2 edit

From Ottoman Turkishبز(bez), from Proto-Turkic *beŕ.

Cognate with Kazakh без (bez, gland), Karachay-Balkar без (bez, gland), Southern Altai бес (bes, gland), Uzbek bez (gland), Uyghurبەز(bez, gland), Turkmen mäz (gland), Bashkir биҙ (biź, gland), Tuvan бес (bes, gland), Chuvash пар (par, gland).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbez/
  • Hyphenation: bez

Noun edit

bez (definite accusative bezi, plural bezler)

  1. (anatomy) gland
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative bez
Definite accusative bezi
Singular Plural
Nominative bez bezler
Definite accusative bezi bezleri
Dative beze bezlere
Locative bezde bezlerde
Ablative bezden bezlerden
Genitive bezin bezlerin

References edit

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2018), “Fabrication of Turkic böz 'fabric' in Japan and Korea”, in Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, volume 71, issue 3, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, pages 263–284.