Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/gew-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*gew-[1][2]

  1. to bend, curve
  2. arch, vault

Derived termsEdit

  • *gudóm (intestines)[2]
  • (perhaps) *gówr̥ (curl)[3]
    • Proto-Indo-European: *gow-ro-s (lock of hair)[2]
      • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *gauras
        • Latvian: gauri pl (pubes)
        • Lithuanian: gauraĩ pl (curls of hairs)[4]
        • Proto-Slavic: *guriti (to hunch, to bow) (possibly)
      • Proto-Germanic:
        • Norwegian: kaure (curly lock of hair)
    • Proto-Indo-European: *gow-no-s (furry, shaggy)
      • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *gawnám (fur)
        • Proto-Slavic: *guna, *guňa (coat, rag) (could also be native)
        • Ancient Greek: γούνα (goúna, coarse garment)
  • *gu-r-nos (back)[2]
    • Old Armenian: կուռն (kuṙn) (possibly)
    • Balto-Slavic:
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Old Armenian: կոր (kor, curved, crooked)
    • Ancient Greek: γυρός (gurós, round)
      • Ancient Greek: γῦρος (gûros, a circle, a ring) (substantivized)
        • Latin: gyrus (see there for further descendants)
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • >? Proto-Slavic: *guja (serpent) (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “gēu-, gəu-, gū-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 393
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 383
  3. ^ Adams, Douglas (1988), “The Indo-European Words for Hair: Reconstructing a Semantic”, in Journal of Indo-European Studies, page 72
  4. ^ gaurai”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  5. ^ gurnas”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012