See also: ARCH, ärch, arch-, -arch, and arch.

EnglishEdit

 
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arch (3).

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English arch, arche, from Old French arche (an arch) (French arche), a feminine form of arc, from Latin arcus (a bow, arc, arch).

NounEdit

arch (plural arches)

  1. An inverted U shape.
  2. An arch-shaped arrangement of trapezoidal stones, designed to redistribute downward force outward.
  3. (architecture) An architectural element having the shape of an arch
  4. Any place covered by an arch; an archway.
    to pass into the arch of a bridge
  5. (archaic, geometry) An arc; a part of a curve.
  6. A natural arch-shaped opening in a rock mass.
  7. (anatomy) Curved part of the bottom of a foot.
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from arch
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
ReferencesEdit

VerbEdit

arch (third-person singular simple present arches, present participle arching, simple past and past participle arched)

  1. To form into an arch shape
    The cat arched its back
  2. To cover with an arch or arches.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the prefix arch-. "Principal" is the original sense; "mischievous" is via onetime frequent collocation with rogue, knave, etc.

AdjectiveEdit

arch (comparative archer, superlative archest)

  1. Knowing, clever, mischievous.
    I attempted to hide my emotions, but an arch remark escaped my lips.
  2. Principal; primary.
    They were arch enemies.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

arch (plural arches)

  1. (obsolete) A chief.

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

arch m inan

  1. sheet (in printing)

DeclensionEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *arg, from Proto-Germanic *argaz.

AdjectiveEdit

arch

  1. bad, depraved
  2. wrong, evil
  3. shameful
  4. bad, worthless, of low quality
InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Dutch: arg, erg

Etymology 2Edit

Substantive form of the adjective arch.

NounEdit

arch n

  1. evil
  2. disaster, misfortune
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further readingEdit


Middle WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root of erchi (to request), from Proto-Celtic *ɸarsketi, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arch f

  1. request

VerbEdit

arch

  1. second-person singular imperative of erchi

MutationEdit

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal H-prothesis
arch unchanged unchanged harch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Latin arca.

NounEdit

arch f (plural eirch)

  1. (obsolete) chest, coffer
  2. coffin (box for the dead)
  3. ark (large boat with a flat bottom)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Back-formation from erchi (to seek, to ask for).

NounEdit

arch f (plural eirchion)

  1. request, command
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Inflected form of erchi (to seek, to ask for).

VerbEdit

arch

  1. second-person singular imperative of erchi

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
arch unchanged unchanged harch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “arch”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies