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See also: ärch, arch-, -arch, and arch.

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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arch (3).

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English arch, arche, from Old French arche (an arch) (French arche), a feminine form of arc, from Latin arcus (a bow, arc, arch).

NounEdit

arch (plural arches)

  1. An inverted U shape.
  2. An arch-shaped arrangement of trapezoidal stones, designed to redistribute downward force outward.
  3. (architecture) An architectural element having the shape of an arch
  4. Any place covered by an arch; an archway.
    to pass into the arch of a bridge
  5. (archaic, geometry) An arc; a part of a curve.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
ReferencesEdit

VerbEdit

arch (third-person singular simple present arches, present participle arching, simple past and past participle arched)

  1. To form into an arch shape
    The cat arched its back
  2. To cover with an arch or arches.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the prefix arch-. "Principal" is the original sense; "mischievous" is via onetime frequent collocation with rogue, knave, etc.

AdjectiveEdit

arch (comparative archer, superlative archest)

  1. Knowing, clever, mischievous.
    I attempted to hide my emotions, but an arch remark escaped my lips.
    • Tatler
      [He] spoke his request with so arch a leer.
    • 1906, O. Henry, By Courier
      A certain melancholy that touched her countenance must have been of recent birth, for it had not yet altered the fine and youthful contours of her cheek, nor subdued the arch though resolute curve of her lips.
    • 1912, Zane Grey, Riders of the Purple Sage, Chapter 3
      Lassiter ended there with dry humor, yet behind that was meaning. Jane blushed and made arch eyes at him.
  2. Principal; primary.
    • Shakespeare
      the most arch act of piteous massacre
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

arch (plural arches)

  1. (obsolete) A chief.
    • Shakespeare
      My worthy arch and patron comes to-night.

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

arch m anim

  1. sheet (in printing)

DeclensionEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch *arg, from Proto-Germanic *argaz.

AdjectiveEdit

arch

  1. bad, depraved
  2. wrong, evil
  3. shameful
  4. bad, worthless, of low quality
InflectionEdit

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Substantive form of the adjective arch.

NounEdit

arch n

  1. evil
  2. disaster, misfortune
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further readingEdit

  • arch (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • arch (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • arch (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • arch (II)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root of erchi (to request), from Proto-Celtic *ɸarsketi, from Proto-Indo-European *preḱ-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arch f

  1. request

VerbEdit

arch

  1. second-person singular imperative of erchi

MutationEdit

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal H-prothesis
arch unchanged unchanged harch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.