Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁ógʷʰis

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

ReconstructionEdit

Beekes reconstructs *h₃égʷʰis because "the absence of reflexes of Brugmann's Law points to IE e-vocalism".

EIEC claims that the original form was acrostatic ablauting *h₁ógʷʰis, genitive *h₁égʷʰis

NounEdit

*h₁ógʷʰis f

  1. snake
  2. a mythic serpent or dragon that is slain by a great hero in Indo-European mythology
    *(ís) h₁ógʷʰim gʷʰenthe killed the serpent (literally, “(he) [the] serpent [he] killed”)

Usage notesEdit

*h₂éngʷʰis (snake) has replaced this word in most of the Western and Central Indo-European dialects.

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *h₁ógʷʰis
genitive *h₁égʷʰis
singular dual plural
nominative *h₁ógʷʰis *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰeyes
vocative *h₁ógʷʰi *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰeyes
accusative *h₁ógʷʰim *h₁ógʷʰih₁(e) *h₁ógʷʰims
genitive *h₁égʷʰis *? *h₁égʷʰyoHom
ablative *h₁égʷʰis *? *h₁égʷʰimos
dative *h₁égʷʰyey *? *h₁égʷʰimos
locative *h₁égʷʰi *? *h₁égʷʰisu
instrumental *h₁égʷʰih₁ *? *h₁égʷʰibʰi

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: իժ ()
  • Proto-Germanic: *agwiz
    • Proto-Germanic: *egalaz (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-West Germanic: *agi
      • Proto-West Germanic: *agiþahsijā (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *ókʷʰis
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Háǰʰiš (see there for further descendants)
  • >? Proto-Tocharian: *ewk (< *ekw)[1]
    • Tocharian B: auk

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “1auk”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 135–136