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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁itós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *h₁ey- +‎ *-tós.

AdjectiveEdit

*h₁itós (non-ablauting)[1]

  1. passable

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *h₁itós *h₁itéh₂
genitive *h₁itósyo *h₁itéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁itós *h₁itóh₁ *h₁itóes
vocative *h₁ité *h₁itóh₁ *h₁itóes
accusative *h₁itóm *h₁itóh₁ *h₁itóms
genitive *h₁itósyo *? *h₁itóoHom
ablative *h₁itéad *? *h₁itómos
dative *h₁itóey *? *h₁itómos
locative *h₁itéy, *h₁itóy *? *h₁itóysu
instrumental *h₁itóh₁ *? *h₁itṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁itéh₂ *h₁itéh₂h₁(e) *h₁itéh₂es
vocative *h₁itéh₂ *h₁itéh₂h₁(e) *h₁itéh₂es
accusative *h₁itā́m *h₁itéh₂h₁(e) *h₁itéh₂m̥s
genitive *h₁itéh₂s *? *h₁itéh₂oHom
ablative *h₁itéh₂s *? *h₁itéh₂mos
dative *h₁itéh₂ey *? *h₁itéh₂mos
locative *h₁itéh₂, *h₁itéh₂i *? *h₁itéh₂su
instrumental *h₁itéh₂h₁ *? *h₁itéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₁itóm *h₁itóy(h₁) *h₁itéh₂
vocative *h₁itóm *h₁itóy(h₁) *h₁itéh₂
accusative *h₁itóm *h₁itóy(h₁) *h₁itéh₂
genitive *h₁itósyo *? *h₁itóoHom
ablative *h₁itéad *? *h₁itómos
dative *h₁itóey *? *h₁itómos
locative *h₁itéy, *h₁itóy *? *h₁itóysu
instrumental *h₁itóh₁ *? *h₁itṓys

DescendantsEdit

  • Celtic: *itos
  • Hellenic: *itós
  • Italic: *itos

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press