This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Etymology edit

Compare also *Hrewp- (to break, tear (up)).

Root edit

*h₁reyp- (imperfective)[1][2]

  1. to tear, tear down

Derived terms edit

  • *h₁réyp-e-ti (thematic root present)[1]
    • Proto-Germanic: *rīfaną[3] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: ἐρείπω (ereípō, to ruin, tear down)
  • *h₁rip-néh₂-ti ~ *h₁reyp-n̥h₂-énti (*néh₂-present)[3]
  • *h₁réyp-eh₂ (steep slope)[4]
    • Proto-Germanic: *rīpō (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Italic: *reipā[4]
      • Latin: rīpa (river bank) (see there for further descendants)

Unsorted formations:

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*(h₁)rei̯p-⁰”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 504
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*h₁reip-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, pages 480
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ripp/bōn-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 414: “*Hrip-néh₂-”
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “rīpa”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 524: “*reipā-”