This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁reyp- (to tear).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit


  1. to tear, rend

Inflection edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-West Germanic: *rīfan
    • Old English: *rīfan
    • Old Frisian: rīva
  • Old Norse: rífa

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*rīfan-~*rīpan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 412
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*rīfanan”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 305