This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Reconstruction edit

Reflex of initial laryngeal can be seen in Proto-Finnic *kalja.

Etymology edit

According to some the original meaning was "a bitter drink" and is related to Latin alūmen (alum) and Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter, pungent).[1]

Another theory is that it is connected to Proto-Norse ᚨᛚᚢ (alu, something magical), and related to Latvian aluot (be distraught), Ancient Greek ἀλύω (alúō, to be distraught) and Hittite [script needed] (alwanzaḫḫ-, to bewitch, hex).[2] EIEC explains the semantic connection as: The notion would be that beer induced a "high" wherein the drinker was infused with a sort of magical power.

The most recent theory is that it is related to Sanskrit अरुष (aruṣá, reddish) and Avestan 𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬱𐬀(auruša, bright, white), from which Proto-Indo-Iranian *Harušás can be reconstructed from the two languages.[3]

Noun edit


  1. beer

Inflection edit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*aluþ-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 23–4
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 60
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “awɫi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, pages 29, 154
  • Abajev, V. I. (1958), “ælūton | ilæton, aluton”, in Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow and Leningrad: Academy Press, page 129
  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 33–4
  2. ^ Edgar C. Polomé, “Beer, Runes and Magic”, Journal of Indo-European Studies 24 (1996): 99–105.
  3. ^ Harald Bjorvand, “The Etymology of English ale”, Journal of Indo-European Studies 35 (2007): 1–8.