This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Noun edit


  1. man
  2. power, force, vital energy

Inflection edit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
nominative *h₂nḗr
genitive *h₂n̥rés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂nḗr *h₂nérh₁(e) *h₂néres
vocative *h₂nér *h₂nérh₁(e) *h₂néres
accusative *h₂nérm̥ *h₂nérh₁(e) *h₂nérm̥s
genitive *h₂n̥rés *? *h₂n̥róHom
ablative *h₂n̥rés *? *h₂nr̥mós
dative *h₂n̥réy *? *h₂nr̥mós
locative *h₂nér, *h₂néri *? *h₂nr̥sú
instrumental *h₂n̥réh₁ *? *h₂nr̥mís
  • Note: an alternative form, *éh₂nōr, and feminine derivation, *h₂nerih₂, are seen in many Ancient Greek compounds (i.e. -ήνωρ and -άνειρα), probably reanalysed from archaic compounds.

Derived terms edit

  • *h₂ner-to- (virile, strong)
    • Proto-Celtic: *nertom (strength) (see there for further descendants)

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN