This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructionsEdit

  • *h₁om(e)so-, *h₄om(e)so-[1], *h₁ōm(e)so-, *h₄ōm(e)so-[2]
  • *h₂óm-s-s ~ *h₂m-és-m̥ ~ *h₂m̥-s-ós[3]
  • *h₃emeso-[4]
  • *h₃ém-ōs ~ *h₃m̥-s-ós[5]
  • *h₃ems-o-[6][7]


*h₂ṓms m

  1. shoulder


Athematic, amphikinetic
nominative *h₂ṓms
genitive *h₂emés
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ṓms *h₂ómh₁(e) *h₂ómes
vocative *h₂óm *h₂ómh₁(e) *h₂ómes
accusative *h₂ṓm *h₂ómh₁(e) *h₂ómm̥s
genitive *h₂emés *? *h₂emóHom
ablative *h₂emés *? *h₂emmós
dative *h₂eméy *? *h₂emmós
locative *h₂ém, *h₂émi *? *h₂emsú
instrumental *h₂eméh₁ *? *h₂embʰí

Derived termsEdit



  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 179
  2. 2.0 2.1 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “āntse”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 46
  3. 3.0 3.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 643
  4. 4.0 4.1 Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 43
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  6. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ὦμος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1679-1680
  7. 7.0 7.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “áṃsa-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  8. ^ Schrijver, Peter C. H. (1991) The reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European laryngeals in Latin (Leiden studies in Indo-European; 2), Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi
  9. 9.0 9.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “umerus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 640
  10. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “om(e)so-s”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 778
  11. 11.0 11.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*amsaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 17