LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₃émsos (shoulder) by rhotacism and vowel anaptyxis -ms- > -mer-. Cognates include Ancient Greek ὦμος (ômos), Sanskrit अंस (áṃsa), and Gothic 𐌰𐌼𐍃 (ams).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

umerus m (genitive umerī); second declension

  1. (anatomy) the humerus bone
  2. shoulder (especially of a human)
  3. back, ridge, such as of a mountain

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative umerus umerī
Genitive umerī umerōrum
Dative umerō umerīs
Accusative umerum umerōs
Ablative umerō umerīs
Vocative umere umerī

DescendantsEdit

  • Aromanian: anumir, numir, umir
  • Asturian: hombru
  • Catalan: húmer (borrowing)
  • English: humerus (borrowing)
  • French: humérus (borrowing)
  • Galician: ombro, ombreiro, úmero (borrowing)

ReferencesEdit

  • umerus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • umerus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • umerus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette