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TranslingualEdit

SymbolEdit

es

  1. ISO abbreviation language code for Spanish language (ISO 639-1).
  2. ISO abbreviation country code for Spain (ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 code).
  3. (radio slang) a synonym for "and"
    WX HR COLD ES RAINY
    The weather here is cold & rainy.

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

es (plural esses)

  1. Alternative form of s (letter 's')

Etymology 2Edit

e +‎ -s.

NounEdit

es

  1. plural of e
Usage notesEdit
  • There is some difference of opinion regarding the use of apostrophes in the pluralization of references to letters as symbols. New Fowler's Modern English Usage, after noting that the usage has changed, states on page 602 that "after letters an apostrophe is obligatory." The 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style states in paragraph 7.16, "To avoid confusion, lowercase letters ... form the plural with an apostrophe and an s". The Oxford Style Manual on page 116 advocates the use of common sense.

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

es (be)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of is.

AnagramsEdit


Alemannic GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Zurich) IPA(key): /əs/, /ɛs/

ArticleEdit

es n

  1. (indefinite) a/an
    • 1978, Rolf Lyssy & Christa Maerker, Die Schweizermacher (transcript):
      Das isch September vor eme Jar gsi.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative/accusative en e es -
dative emene enere emene -
  • Short forms of the dative – eme, ere, eme – are also common.

PronounEdit

es n

  1. (personal) it

DeclensionEdit


ArinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Assan aš-parán (sky); ös, (God); öš, (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

NounEdit

es

  1. God
  2. sky

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin exeō. Compare Daco-Romanian ieși, ies.

VerbEdit

es (third-person singular present indicative easi or ease, past participle ishitã)

  1. I leave, exit, go out.
  2. (of the sun, moon) rise
  3. (figuratively) I defecate.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


AssanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔes (God, sky). Compare Kott ēš, (God, sky), Arin (God, sky) and Pumpokol (sky).

NounEdit

es

  1. God

SynonymsEdit


BavarianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

es

  1. they

CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin

PronounEdit

es (proclitic, contracted s', enclitic se, contracted enclitic 's)

  1. himself, herself, itself (direct or indirect object)
  2. oneself (direct or indirect object)
  3. themselves (direct or indirect object)
  4. each other (direct or indirect object)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin ipse.

Alternative formsEdit

ArticleEdit

es m sg (feminine sa, masculine plural es, masculine plural sos, feminine plural ses)

  1. (Balearics) the
Usage notesEdit
  • In Balearic Catalan, es contrasts with el as an obviative article, but is often used in first instance.

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

es

  1. plural of e

Further readingEdit


CzechEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

es n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter S/s.
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

es

  1. genitive singular of eso
  2. nominative plural of eso
  3. accusative plural of eso
  4. vocative plural of eso

DanishEdit

NounEdit

es n (singular definite esset, plural indefinite esser)

  1. (card games) ace
    Jeg har alle esserne.
    I have all the aces.

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch essche, from Old Dutch *aska, from Proto-Germanic *askaz, *askiz (compare West Frisian esk, English ash, German Esche, Danish ask), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃osk- (compare Welsh onnen, Latin ornus (wild mountain ash), Lithuanian úosis, Russian ясень (jasenʹ), Albanian ah (beech), Ancient Greek ὀξύα (oxúa, beech), Old Armenian հացի (hacʿi)).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. ash, ash tree

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

es m (plural essen, diminutive esje n)

  1. (music) E-flat

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

es

  1. (informal, dialectal) Elision of eens
    Kom es hierKom eens hier — Come over here (for a second).

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

es

  1. (music) E-flat

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of être

AnagramsEdit


FuyugEdit

NounEdit

es (plural esing)

  1. child

ReferencesEdit

  • Robert L. Bradshaw, Fuyug grammar sketch (2007)

GalicianEdit

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 's (chiefly informal or poetic)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [əs] (generally)
  • IPA(key): [əs], [ɛs], [eːs] (when stressed, which is rare)
  • (file)

PronounEdit

es n

  1. it (referring to things)
    Wo ist das Buch? Es liegt auf dem Tisch.
    Where's the book? It’s on the table.
  2. he (with reference to male creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter)
  3. she (with reference to female creatures, people etc. that are grammatically neuter)
    • 1952, Marie Luise Kaschnitz, ‘Das Dicke Kind’:
      Das Kind sagte nichts und sah mich mit seinen kühlen Augen an. Dann war es fort.
      The child said nothing and looked at me with her cold eyes. Then she was gone.
  4. (for impersonal verbs) it
    Es regnet.
    It’s raining.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the colloquial speech of some areas, this pronoun is fully replaced with the demonstrative pronoun das, with which it shares the unstressed reduction /s/. This reflects a similar development for sie/die, but predates it.

InflectionEdit

1Often capitalized, especially in letters

Derived termsEdit

ArticleEdit

es n

  1. (regional, colloquial) Alternative form of das
    Soll ich es Fenster zumachen?
    Should I close the window?

Usage notesEdit

  • The contracted form 's is more common, but es is also frequently heard.

HunsrikEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

es

  1. it

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit


IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

es n (genitive singular ess, nominative plural es)

  1. (music) E flat

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


IdoEdit

VerbEdit

es

  1. Apocopic form of esas
    Me es hike pro il es hike.
    I am here because he is here.

IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Dutch ijs.

NounEdit

es

  1. ice

InterlinguaEdit

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

es (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter S.
Usage notesEdit
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter S, s have been suggested. The most common is es or a syllabic s, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , sss, əs, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ισσε (isse).
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • es” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) what country do you come from: cuias es
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: quot annos natus es?
    • (ambiguous) how old are you: qua aetate es?
    • (ambiguous) are you in your right mind: satin (= satisne) sanus es?
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Etymology 2Edit

Form of the verb sum (am).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

es

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of sum
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of sum

QuotationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Form of the verb edō (I eat).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ēs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of edō
  2. second-person singular present active imperative of edō
SynonymsEdit

LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Baltic *ež, from Proto-Indo-European *eǵ (from *éǵh₂). The non-nominative forms derive from Proto-Indo-European dependent stem *me- (the a instead of e in the Baltic languages appears to result from Iranian influence): reduplicated *me-me-*meneProto-Baltic genitive/accusative *mane*manen (by analogy with other accusatives) → *manens (by analogy with other genitives) → genitive manis, while *manen → accusative mani. Dative man comes from an older *mani. Instrumental variant manim imitates the nominal i-stem paradigm. Cognates include Lithuanian (archaic ), Old Prussian es, as, Sudovian as, Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ (Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ), Old East Slavic ꙗзъ (jazŭ), Belarusian, Ukrainian, Russian я (ja), Bulgarian аз (az), Czech (from jaz), Polish ja (from jaz)), Proto-Germanic *ekan, *ek (Gothic 𐌹𐌺 (ik), Old Norse ek, Old High German ih, German ich, Old English ic, English I), Hittite uk, Sanskrit अहम् (ahám), Avestan 𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬨 (azəm), Ancient Greek ἐγώ (egṓ), Latin ego, Ossetian ӕз (æz).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

PronounEdit

es (personal, 1st person singular)

  1. I; first person pronoun, referring to the speaker
    Es te dzīvoju.I live here.
    Viņš mani sastapa ceļā.He met me on the road.
    Atnāc pie manis!Come to me (to my place)!
    Nāc ar mani dejot!Come dance with me!
    Man nav laiks.I don't have time. (lit. There is no time to me.)
Usage notesEdit

The form mans is a possessive pronoun ('my'), while manis is a true genitive form ('of me'). The dative form manim is used only optionally, with prepositions.

DeclensionEdit
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

NounEdit

es m (invariable)

  1. I, ego (the essence of a person)
    mans esmy I, my ego
    Runātājs izcēla savu es.The speaker highlighted his I, his ego.
    Briesmīgi nezināt nekā un just tikai sevi, savu es.It is terrible to know and feel nothing except oneself, one's I.
    Cilvēks var pierādīt savu vērtību, apliecināt savu “es” tikai darbā.A person can prove their worth, testify their “I”, only in (their) work.

Etymology 2Edit

A cross-linguistically frequent way of naming this sound, and the respective letter.

NounEdit

es m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter S/s.
See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “es”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Middle DutchEdit

PronounEdit

es

  1. genitive of hi
  2. genitive of het

VerbEdit

es

  1. Alternative form of is; third-person singular present indicative of wēsen

Middle FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Old French es ("[you] are").

VerbEdit

es

  1. second-person singular present indicative of estre

Etymology 2Edit

Old French es ("in the").

ContractionEdit

es

  1. Contraction of en + les.

Middle IrishEdit

NounEdit

es f

  1. stoat, weasel

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

NovialEdit

VerbEdit

es

  1. be/am/is/are
  2. (auxiliary) Used with a passive participle of a verb in order to denote that verb's passive voice, specifically the "passive of being" voice.

See alsoEdit


OjibweEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Algonquian *e·hsa.

NounEdit

es (plural esag)

  1. shell (2)
  2. oyster

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Contraction of en les.

PrepositionEdit

es

  1. in the
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine), page 186 of this essay:
      l'autre partie va es muscules
      the other part goes into the muscles

DescendantsEdit

  • French: ès (archaic)

Old IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

es ?

  1. the letter s

Etymology 2Edit

ConjunctionEdit

es

  1. (rare) Alternative form of is (and)

Etymology 3Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

es m

  1. cataract, rapid; a rapidly flowing stream
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

es n

  1. vessel
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

es ?

  1. death
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

es ?

  1. food
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 7Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

es ?

  1. ox
InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Non-lemma forms.

PronounEdit

es

  1. third-person singular masculine of a
Alternative formsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
es unchanged n-es
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

ArticleEdit

es n (definite, nominative)

  1. the

EtymologyEdit

Compare German es, Dutch het, English it.

PronounEdit

es n

  1. it

RomagnolEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin esse, present active infinitive of sum.

VerbEdit

es

  1. to be
  2. (auxiliary, used to form composite past tense of many intransitive verbs) to have (done something).

SawiEdit

InterjectionEdit

es

  1. at once
    Uvur haramavimaken, du famud, es! — The tide is about to turn; cook the sago at once![1]
  2. enough

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Don Richardson, Peace Child.

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin est, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti.

VerbEdit

es

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of ser.
  2. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of ser; (he/she/it/one) is

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

es

  1. plural of e

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

es

  1. (colloquial) first-person singular preterite of mynd

SynonymsEdit