Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/lówksneh₂

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *lewk- (to shine) +‎ *-sneh₂. Alternatively from *lewk-s- +‎ *-néh₂, from the s-stem of the same root (compare Proto-Indo-Iranian *ráwčas (day; light)). In this case, originally a substantivized adjective *lewksnós or *lowksnós (shiny, bright) (compare Middle High German liehsen (bright) from *léwksnos, Ancient Greek λύχνος (lúkhnos, lamp) from *luksnos[1]), as the divergent meanings of Avestan, Persian and Old Prussian indicate, and the fact that Iranian has cognates that are adjectives, not nouns. The original Proto-Indo-European lexeme for "moon" was apparently *mḗh₁n̥s, and *lówksneh₂ may have originated as a later poetic synonym.

NounEdit

*lówksneh₂ f[2][3][4]

  1. moon

InflectionEdit

Thematic in *-eh₂
singular
nominative *lówksneh₂
genitive *lówksneh₂s
singular dual plural
nominative *lówksneh₂
vocative *lówksneh₂
accusative *lówksnām
genitive *lówksneh₂s
ablative *lówksneh₂s
dative *lówksneh₂ey
locative *lówksneh₂, *lówksneh₂i
instrumental *lówksneh₂h₁

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “352”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page lūna
  2. ^ Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 56: “*lewk-sneH₂-”
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Derksen, Rick (2015), “lauxnos”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 561: “*louk-sneh₂”
  4. 4.0 4.1 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “lūna”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 354: “*louksnā-”

Further readingEdit