Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-nós

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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    Suffix

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    *(Ø)-nós[1]

    1. Creates verbal adjectives from roots.

    Inflection

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    Thematic
    masculine feminine
    nominative *(Ø)-nós *(Ø)-néh₂
    genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *(Ø)-néh₂s
    masculine singular dual plural
    nominative *(Ø)-nós *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóes
    vocative *(Ø)-né *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóes
    accusative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóms
    genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *? *(Ø)-nóHom
    ablative *(Ø)-néad *? *(Ø)-nómos
    dative *(Ø)-nóey *? *(Ø)-nómos
    locative *(Ø)-néy, *(Ø)-nóy *? *(Ø)-nóysu
    instrumental *(Ø)-nóh₁ *? *(Ø)-nṓys
    feminine singular dual plural
    nominative *(Ø)-néh₂ *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂es
    vocative *(Ø)-néh₂ *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂es
    accusative *(Ø)-nā́m *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂m̥s
    genitive *(Ø)-néh₂s *? *(Ø)-néh₂oHom
    ablative *(Ø)-néh₂s *? *(Ø)-néh₂mos
    dative *(Ø)-néh₂ey *? *(Ø)-néh₂mos
    locative *(Ø)-néh₂, *(Ø)-néh₂i *? *(Ø)-néh₂su
    instrumental *(Ø)-néh₂h₁ *? *(Ø)-néh₂mis
    neuter singular dual plural
    nominative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
    vocative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
    accusative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
    genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *? *(Ø)-nóHom
    ablative *(Ø)-néad *? *(Ø)-nómos
    dative *(Ø)-nóey *? *(Ø)-nómos
    locative *(Ø)-néy, *(Ø)-nóy *? *(Ø)-nóysu
    instrumental *(Ø)-nóh₁ *? *(Ø)-nṓys

    Synonyms

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    Derived terms

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    Descendants

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    See also

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    References

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    1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN