Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-nós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

SuffixEdit

*(Ø)-nós[1]

  1. Creates verbal adjectives from roots.

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *(Ø)-nós *(Ø)-néh₂
genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *(Ø)-néh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-nós *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóes
vocative *(Ø)-né *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóes
accusative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóh₁ *(Ø)-nóms
genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *? *(Ø)-nóoHom
ablative *(Ø)-néad *? *(Ø)-nómos
dative *(Ø)-nóey *? *(Ø)-nómos
locative *(Ø)-néy, *(Ø)-nóy *? *(Ø)-nóysu
instrumental *(Ø)-nóh₁ *? *(Ø)-nṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-néh₂ *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂es
vocative *(Ø)-néh₂ *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂es
accusative *(Ø)-nā́m *(Ø)-néh₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-néh₂m̥s
genitive *(Ø)-néh₂s *? *(Ø)-néh₂oHom
ablative *(Ø)-néh₂s *? *(Ø)-néh₂mos
dative *(Ø)-néh₂ey *? *(Ø)-néh₂mos
locative *(Ø)-néh₂, *(Ø)-néh₂i *? *(Ø)-néh₂su
instrumental *(Ø)-néh₂h₁ *? *(Ø)-néh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
vocative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
accusative *(Ø)-nóm *(Ø)-nóy(h₁) *(Ø)-néh₂
genitive *(Ø)-nósyo *? *(Ø)-nóoHom
ablative *(Ø)-néad *? *(Ø)-nómos
dative *(Ø)-nóey *? *(Ø)-nómos
locative *(Ø)-néy, *(Ø)-nóy *? *(Ø)-nóysu
instrumental *(Ø)-nóh₁ *? *(Ø)-nṓys

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Balto-Slavic: *-nas
    • Slavic: *-nъ (most past passive participles)
  • Germanic: *-anaz (all strong past participles)
    • Old English: -an
      • Middle English: -en, -e
        • English: -en, -Ø
  • Hellenic: *-nos
  • Italic: *-nos
  • Indo-Iranian: *-nás (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN