From Middle English mone, from Old English mōna (“moon”), from Proto-West Germanic *mānō, from Proto-Germanic *mēnô (“moon”), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (“moon, month”), probably from *meh₁- (“to measure”).
Cognate with Scots mone, mune, muin (“moon”), North Frisian muun (“moon”), West Frisian moanne (“moon”), Dutch maan (“moon”), German Mond (“moon”), Danish måne (“moon”), Norwegian Bokmål måne (“moon”), Norwegian Nynorsk måne (“moon”), Swedish måne (“moon”), Icelandic máni (“moon”), Latin mēnsis (“month”). See also month, a related term within Indo-European.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /muːn/
Audio (RP) (file) Audio (RP) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /mun/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːn
- (with "the", singular only) Alternative letter-case form of .
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H.L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 233:
- "I suppose I may have leave to do that!" Yes, she could do that, he said, but there was no road to that place; it lay east of the sun and west of the moon, and she could never find her way there.
moon (plural moons)
- (colloquial, by extension of Moon) Any natural satellite of a planet.
- The stargazer observed the moons of Jupiter for over a year.
- That's no moon, you idiot... it's a space station!
- (literary) A month, particularly a lunar month.
- 1603, William Shakespeare, Othello:
- For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith,
Till now some nine moons wasted, they have used
Their dearest action in the tented field…
- 1737, John Brickell, The natural history of North-Carolina, page 308-309:
- They number their age by Moons or Winters, and say a Woman or a Man is so many Moons old, and so they do with all memorable Actions in life, accounting it to be so many Moons or Winters since such or such a thing happened.
- 1822, Thomas Love Peacock, Maid Marian, page 238:
- Many moons had waxed and waned when on the afternoon of a lovely summer day a lusty broad-boned knight was riding through the forest of Sherwood.
- 2002, Russell Allen, "Incantations of the Apprentice", on Symphony X, The Odyssey.
- Through eerie reach of ancient woods / Where lumbering mists arise / I journey for nines moons of the year / To where a land of legend lies
- They stayed with their aunt and uncle for many moons.
- A representation of the moon, usually as a crescent or as a circle with a face; a crescent-shaped shape, symbol, or object.
- The wizard costume was decorated with stars and moons.
- A crescent-like outwork in a fortification.
- The moons surrounding the city walls were built in the sixteenth century.
- The eighteenth trump/major arcana card of the Tarot.
- (cartomancy) The thirty-second Lenormand card.
- (card games) In hearts, the action of taking all the point cards in one hand.
- (Earth's sole natural satellite): Moon
- (natural satellite of a planet): satellite, natural satellite
- (month): calendar month, lunar month, month
- See also Thesaurus:moon
- ask for the moon
- blood moon
- blue moon
- crescent moon
- fingernail moon
- full moon
- Galilean moon
- gibbous moon
- half moon
- hang the moon
- harvest moon
- howl at the moon
- hunter's moon
- man in the moon
- many moons ago
- midsummer moon
- moon bag
- moon bear
- moon boot
- moon bounce
- mooncake, moon cake
- moon eye
- moon guitar
- moon landing
- moon language
- moon language
- moon letter
- moon on a stick
- moon pie
- moon pool, moonpool
- moon shot
- moon zither
- new moon
- old moon
- once in a blue moon
- over the moon
- phase of the moon
- promise the moon
- quarter moon
- shepherd moon
- shoot the moon
- smuggler's moon
- thumbnail moon
- Trojan moon
- waning moon
- waxing moon
- (transitive, colloquial) To display one's buttocks to, typically as a jest, insult, or protest.
- (intransitive, colloquial) To gaze at lovingly or in adoration.
- 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1962, page 164:
- Bradly stood bewitched, mooning at the moon. Betimes he bent in a grotesque posture and looked at it between his legs, which was to rid his mind of preconceived colour values by seeing them upside down.
- (intransitive, colloquial) (usually followed by over or after) To fuss over something adoringly; to be infatuated with someone.
- Sarah mooned over Sam's photograph for months.
- You've been mooning after her forever; why not just ask her out?
- 2017 January 12, Jesse Hassenger, “A literal monster truck is far from the stupidest thing about Monster Trucks”, in The Onion AV Club:
- On some level, the filmmakers behind Monster Trucks must have recognized the ill fit of Till playing a teenager, because they cast Jane Levy, a 27-year-old who can pass for younger but not a decade younger, as Meredith, a nerdy classmate of Tripp’s who moons over him as she insists on making an appointment to tutor him in biology.
- To spend time idly, absent-mindedly.
- 1898, Joseph Conrad, Youth:
- We were only three on board. The poor old skipper mooned in the cabin.
- (transitive) To expose to the rays of the Moon.
- (transitive) To adorn with moons or crescents.
- (cryptocurrency) Of a coin or token: to rise in price rapidly.
- It is impractical if a currency moons and plummets often.
- (card games) To shoot the moon.
- “moon” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
- (dialectal, southern Ostrobothnia) Contraction of .
moon m (genitive singular mooin, no plural)
- mooynlagh m (“sewage”)
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “mún”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
- Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “múnaid”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
- Ulrike Mosel, The Teop sketch grammar