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See also: Moon and mo-on



The Moon (waning crescent)
The Moon (full)


From Middle English mone, from Old English mōna (moon), from Proto-Germanic *mēnô (moon), from Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon, month), probably from *meh₁- (to measure). Cognate with Scots mone, mune, muin (moon), North Frisian muun (moon), West Frisian moanne (moon), Dutch maan (moon), German Mond (moon), Swedish måne (moon), Icelandic máni (moon), Latin mēnsis (month). See also month, a related term within Indo-European.



moon (plural moons)

  1. (with "the") Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
  2. Any natural satellite of a planet.
    the moons of Jupiter
  3. (literary) A month, particularly a lunar month.
    • 1603, William Shakespeare, Othello:
      For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith,
      Till now some nine moons wasted, they have used
      Their dearest action in the tented field…
    • 1737, John Brickell, The natural history of North-Carolina, page 308-309:
      They number their age by Moons or Winters, and say a Woman or a Man is so many Moons old, and so they do with all memorable Actions in life, accounting it to be so many Moons or Winters since such or such a thing happened. Note: in earlier modern English, many nouns were capitalized, similar to present day German.
    • 1822, Thomas Love Peacock, Maid Marian, page 238:
      Many moons had waxed and waned when on the afternoon of a lovely summer day a lusty broad-boned knight was riding through the forest of Sherwood.
  4. A crescent-like outwork in a fortification.
  5. The eighteenth trump/major arcana card of the Tarot.
  6. (cartomancy) The thirty-second Lenormand card.


Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


moon (third-person singular simple present moons, present participle mooning, simple past and past participle mooned)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To display one's buttocks to, typically as a jest, insult, or protest.
  2. (intransitive, US, colloquial) (usually followed by over or after) To fuss over something adoringly; to be infatuated with someone.
    Sarah mooned over Sam's photograph for months.
    You've been mooning after her forever, why not just ask her out?
    • 2017 January 12, Jesse Hassenger, “A literal monster truck is far from the stupidest thing about Monster Trucks”, in The Onion AV Club[1]:
      On some level, the filmmakers behind Monster Trucks must have recognized the ill fit of Till playing a teenager, because they cast Jane Levy, a 27-year-old who can pass for younger but not a decade younger, as Meredith, a nerdy classmate of Tripp’s who moons over him as she insists on making an appointment to tutor him in biology.
  3. To spend time idly, absent-mindedly.
    • 1898, Joseph Conrad, Youth
      We were only three on board. The poor old skipper mooned in the cabin.
  4. (transitive) To expose to the rays of the Moon.
    • Holland
      If they have it to be exceeding white indeed, they seethe it yet once more, after it hath been thus sunned and mooned.
  5. (cryptocurrency) to rise in price rapidly (describing a coin or token).


Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

English Wikipedia has articles on:





  1. (Timau) man
  2. (Timau) husband


  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.



Contraction of (dialectal form of minä - I) + oon (dialectal form of olen - am).


  • Hyphenation: moon
  • IPA(key): /ˈmoːn/, [ˈmo̞ːn]



  1. (dialectal, southern Ostrobothnia) I'm




From Old Irish mún.


moon m (genitive singular mooin, no plural)

  1. urine


Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
moon voon unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

North FrisianEdit


From Old Frisian man, from Proto-Germanic *mann-, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *mon-.


moon m

  1. (Mooring) man