Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/lelóykʷe

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Reduplicated stative of the root *leykʷ-.

VerbEdit

*lelóykʷe (stative)[1][2]

  1. to be missing, to be gone

InflectionEdit

Stative
3rd singular *lelóykʷe
3rd plural *lelikʷḗr
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *lelóykʷh₂e *leléykʷoh₂ *lelikʷyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *lelóykʷth₂e *lelóykʷ, *lelikʷdʰí *leléykʷesi *lelikʷyéh₁s
3rd singular *lelóykʷe *lelóykʷtu *leléykʷeti *lelikʷyéh₁t
1st dual *lelikwé *leléykʷowos *lelikʷih₁wé
2nd dual *? *lelikʷtóm *leléykʷetes *lelikʷih₁tóm
3rd dual *? *lelikʷtā́m *leléykʷetes *lelikʷih₁tā́m
1st plural *lelikʷmé *leléykʷomos *lelikʷih₁mé
2nd plural *lelikʷé *lelikʷté *leléykʷete *lelikʷih₁té
3rd plural *lelikʷḗr *lelikʷéntu *leléykʷonti *lelikʷih₁ént
Participle *lelikwṓs

DescendantsEdit

  • Germanic: *laihw (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *riráyča

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 845