Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/médʰyos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps from *me-dʰi- (with, among), from *me (with).

AdjectiveEdit

*médʰyos (non-ablauting)

  1. middle

InflectionEdit

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *médʰyos *médʰyeh₂
genitive *médʰyosyo *médʰyeh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *médʰyos *médʰyoh₁ *médʰyoes
vocative *médʰye *médʰyoh₁ *médʰyoes
accusative *médʰyom *médʰyoh₁ *médʰyoms
genitive *médʰyosyo *? *médʰyoHom
ablative *médʰyead *? *médʰyomos
dative *médʰyoey *? *médʰyomos
locative *médʰyey, *médʰyoy *? *médʰyoysu
instrumental *médʰyoh₁ *? *médʰyōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *médʰyeh₂ *médʰyeh₂h₁(e) *médʰyeh₂es
vocative *médʰyeh₂ *médʰyeh₂h₁(e) *médʰyeh₂es
accusative *médʰyām *médʰyeh₂h₁(e) *médʰyeh₂m̥s
genitive *médʰyeh₂s *? *médʰyeh₂oHom
ablative *médʰyeh₂s *? *médʰyeh₂mos
dative *médʰyeh₂ey *? *médʰyeh₂mos
locative *médʰyeh₂, *médʰyeh₂i *? *médʰyeh₂su
instrumental *médʰyeh₂h₁ *? *médʰyeh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *médʰyom *médʰyoy(h₁) *médʰyeh₂
vocative *médʰyom *médʰyoy(h₁) *médʰyeh₂
accusative *médʰyom *médʰyoy(h₁) *médʰyeh₂
genitive *médʰyosyo *? *médʰyoHom
ablative *médʰyead *? *médʰyomos
dative *médʰyoey *? *médʰyomos
locative *médʰyey, *médʰyoy *? *médʰyoysu
instrumental *médʰyoh₁ *? *médʰyōys

DescendantsEdit

  • Proto-Albanian: *meTi, *meTśi-
  • Proto-Armenian: *meiǰ- < *meidio-
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *medjas
    • Lithuanian: mẽdis (tree, wood)
    • Latvian: mežs (forest)
    • Old Prussian: median
    • Proto-Slavic: *meďa, *meďu (from dual loc.) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *medyos (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *midjaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *métsos (see there for further descendants)
  • Illyrian: *metu
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *mádʰyas (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *meðjos (see there for further descendants)

Further readingEdit