Contents

LatgalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo-(middle; in-between).

NounEdit

mežs

  1. forest

LatvianEdit

 mežs on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Mežs

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *mežas, from parallel forms Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo-(middle; in-between). The original meaning was “(that which is) in the middle, in-between” > “forest” (since long ago villages were like little islands between stretches of forest, “what is between (villages)” = “forest”). Cognates include Lithuanian mẽdis(tree, wood), dialectal mẽdžias(tree, forest), Old Prussian median(forest), Sudovian mejdo(tree) (< *mēdo), Proto-Slavic *medya, *medyu (Russian межа́(mežá, balk, unplowed strip of land; border; (dial.) little forest), ме́жду(méždu, between, in-between), Belarusian, Ukrainian межа́(mežá, balk; border; line), Bulgarian межда́(meždá), Czech mez, Polish miedza(balk; border)), Old Irish mide(middle), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌹𐍃(midjis), Old High German mitti, German Mitte, English middle, Ancient Greek μέσος(mésos), Latin medius. [1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

mežs m (1st declension)

  1. forest (dense collection of trees and bushes on a stretch of land)
    priežu, egļu mežs‎ ― pine, fir forest
    stādīt mežu‎ ― to plant a forest
    meža zemenes‎ ― forest (= wild) strawberries
    meža zvēri‎ ― forest (= wild) animals
    meža fauna, flora‎ ― forest fauna, flora
    meža pļava‎ ― forest meadow
    meža klajums‎ ― forest clearing
    meža cirtējs, mežcirtējs‎ ― logger (lit. forest chopper)
    meža ugunsgrēks‎ ― forest fire
    meža aizsardzība‎ ― forest protection
    mežā aug koki, krūmi un zem tiem dažādi sīki augi‎ ― in the forest trees and bushes grow, and under them (also) several (kinds of) small plants

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mežs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7