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LatgalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between).

NounEdit

mežs

  1. forest

LatvianEdit

 mežs on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Mežs

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *mežas, from parallel forms Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between). The original meaning was “(that which is) in the middle, in-between” > “forest” (since long ago villages were like little islands between stretches of forest, “what is between (villages)” = “forest”). Cognates include Lithuanian mẽdis (tree, wood), dialectal mẽdžias (tree, forest), Old Prussian median (forest), Sudovian mejdo (tree) (< *mēdo), Proto-Slavic *medya, *medyu (Russian межа́ (mežá, balk, unplowed strip of land; border; (dial.) little forest), ме́жду (méždu, between, in-between), Belarusian, Ukrainian межа́ (mežá, balk; border; line), Bulgarian межда́ (meždá), Czech mez, Polish miedza (balk; border)), Old Irish mide (middle), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌹𐍃 (midjis), Old High German mitti, German Mitte, English middle, Ancient Greek μέσος (mésos), Latin medius. [1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

mežs m (1st declension)

  1. forest (dense collection of trees and bushes on a stretch of land)
    priežu, egļu mežspine, fir forest
    stādīt mežuto plant a forest
    meža zemenesforest (= wild) strawberries
    meža zvēriforest (= wild) animals
    meža fauna, floraforest fauna, flora
    meža pļavaforest meadow
    meža klajumsforest clearing
    meža cirtējs, mežcirtējslogger (lit. forest chopper)
    meža ugunsgrēksforest fire
    meža aizsardzībaforest protection
    mežā aug koki, krūmi un zem tiem dažādi sīki augiin the forest trees and bushes grow, and under them (also) several (kinds of) small plants

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mežs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7