Open main menu


This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative reconstructionsEdit


From *peth₂- (to fly) +‎ *-r̥ (r/n-stem suffix).


*péth₂r̥ n (oblique stem *pth₂én-)

  1. wing
  2. feather


Athematic, proterokinetic
singular collective
nominative *péth₂r̥ *péth₂ōr
genitive *pth₂éns *pth₂nés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *péth₂r̥ *péth₂ōr
vocative *péth₂r̥ *péth₂ōr
accusative *péth₂r̥ *péth₂ōr
genitive *pth₂éns *pth₂nés
ablative *pth₂éns *pth₂nés
dative *pth₂éney *pth₂néy
locative *pth₂én, *pth₂éni *pth₂én, *pth₂éni
instrumental *pth₂énh₁ *pth₂néh₁



  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World (Oxford Linguistics), New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 179
  2. ^ Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008), “(UZU)pattas / pattan-”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 761-763
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “penna”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 458

Further readingEdit

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πτερόν”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1248
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 286–294