Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ph₂tḗr

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Often supposed to be from *peh₂- (to protect, shepherd) +‎ *-tḗr (agent suffix).

NounEdit

*ph₂tḗr m (oblique stem *ph₂tr̥-)

  1. father

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *ph₂tḗr
genitive *ph₂trés
singular dual plural
nominative *ph₂tḗr *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂téres
vocative *ph₂tér *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂téres
accusative *ph₂térm̥ *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂térm̥s
genitive *ph₂trés *? *ph₂tróHom
ablative *ph₂trés *? *ph₂tr̥mós
dative *ph₂tréy *? *ph₂tr̥mós
locative *ph₂tér, *ph₂téri *? *ph₂tr̥sú
instrumental *ph₂tréh₁ *? *ph₂tr̥bʰí

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: *hatir, *hayir
  • Celtic: *ɸatīr (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *fadēr (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *patḗr (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *pHtā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *patēr (see there for further descendants)
  • Mysian: πατριζι (patrizi, pl.)
  • Phrygian: πατερης (pateres, nominative plural)
  • Tocharian: *pācer