This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

Often supposed to be from *peh₂- (to protect, shepherd) +‎ *-tḗr (agent suffix).

Noun edit

*ph₂tḗr m

  1. father
    Synonyms: *átta, *tata-

Inflection edit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
nominative *ph₂tḗr
genitive *ph₂trés
singular dual plural
nominative *ph₂tḗr *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂téres
vocative *ph₂tér *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂téres
accusative *ph₂térm̥ *ph₂térh₁(e) *ph₂térm̥s
genitive *ph₂trés *? *ph₂tróHom
ablative *ph₂trés *? *ph₂tr̥mós
dative *ph₂tréy *? *ph₂tr̥mós
locative *ph₂tér, *ph₂téri *? *ph₂tr̥sú
instrumental *ph₂tréh₁ *? *ph₂tr̥mís

Hypernyms edit

Coordinate terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Armenian: *hatir, *hayir
  • Proto-Celtic: *ɸatīr (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *fadēr (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *patḗr (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *pHtā́ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *patēr (see there for further descendants)
  • Mysian: πατριζι (patrizi, pl.)
  • Phrygian: πατερης (paterēs, nominative plural)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *pācer

Further reading edit