Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/steríh₂s

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

edit

Etymology

edit

From *ster- (sterile, infertile) +‎ *-ih₂s.

Noun

edit

*steríh₂s f[1][2][3]

  1. sterile cow, heifer
  2. barren woman

Inflection

edit
Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *steríh₂s
genitive *strih₂és
singular dual plural
nominative *steríh₂s *steríh₂h₁(e) *steríh₂es
vocative *steríh₂ *steríh₂h₁(e) *steríh₂es
accusative *steríh₂m̥ *steríh₂h₁(e) *steríh₂m̥s
genitive *strih₂és *? *strih₂óHom
ablative *strih₂és *? *strih₂mós
dative *strih₂éy *? *strih₂mós
locative *steríh₂, *steríh₂i *? *strih₂sú
instrumental *strih₂éh₁ *? *strih₂mís

Alternative reconstructions

edit
  • *stér-ih₂ ~ *str̥-yéh₂-s[4]

Derived terms

edit
  • *sterih₂-ḗn[5]
    • Proto-Tocharian:
      • Tocharian B: śari (young goat)

Descendants

edit

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “sterilis”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 586
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) “starī́-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  3. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) “starī́-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 757
  4. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) “1394”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page στεῖρα
  5. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) “śari”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 679