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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/supnós

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *swep- (to sleep) +‎ *-nós.

NounEdit

*supnós m[1][2]

  1. sleep
  2. death

InflectionEdit

Thematic
singular
nominative *supnós
genitive *supnósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *supnós
vocative *supné
accusative *supnóm
genitive *supnósyo
ablative *supnéad
dative *supnóey
locative *supnéy, *supnóy
instrumental *supnóh₁

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: *źupnʉh[3]
  • Balto-Slavic: *supnas[4] (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *sownos[5] (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *húpnos
  • Tocharian: *sŭmne
    • Tocharian B: *sanme (metathesis)
      • Tocharian B: sänmetstse (calm, tranquil, soothed)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “suep-, sup-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 1048-1049
  2. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006), “*swep-”, in The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 322
  3. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2000) A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, Leiden: Brill
  4. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015), “sapnas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 389
  5. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*sowno-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 351