See also: Sleep
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: slēp, IPA(key): /sliːp/
Audio (Southern England) (file) Audio (RP; “to sleep”) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /slip/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -iːp
Etymology 1 Edit
- (intransitive) To rest in a state of reduced consciousness.
- You should sleep eight hours a day.
- (transitive) To be slumbering in (a state).
- to sleep a dreamless sleep
- (transitive, reflexive) To achieve or make happen by manner of sleep.
- Sleep your way to good health.
- He hoped to sleep his troubles away.
- (idiomatic, euphemistic) To have sexual intercourse (see sleep with).
- Last night we slept together for the first time.
- (idiomatic) To earn by sexual favors.
- Oh, she didnt earn her promotion, she just slept her way to the top.
- (transitive) To accommodate in beds.
- This caravan can sleep four people comfortably.
- (intransitive) To be careless, inattentive, or unconcerned; not to be vigilant; to live thoughtlessly.
- 1706 October 9 (Gregorian calendar), Francis Atterbury, “A Sermon Preach’d in the Guild-Hall Chapel, London, Sept. 28. 1706. Being the Day of the Election of the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor.”, in Fourteen Sermons Preach’d on Several Occasions. […], London: […] E. P. [Edmund Parker?] for Jonah Bowyer, […], published 1708, →OCLC, page 407:
- We ſleep over our Happineſs, Great as it is, and want to be rous'd into a quick and thankful ſenſe of it, either by an actual Change of Circumſtances, or by a Compariſon of our Own caſe with that of other Men.
- (intransitive) To be dead; to lie in the grave.
- 1886 October – 1887 January, H[enry] Rider Haggard, She: A History of Adventure, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., published 1887, →OCLC:
- It was that of a man in advanced life, with a long grizzled beard, and also robed in white, probably the husband of the lady, who, after surviving her many years, came at the last to sleep once more for good and all beside her.
- (intransitive) To be, or appear to be, in repose; to be quiet; to be unemployed, unused, or unagitated; to rest; to lie dormant.
- a question sleeps for the present; the law sleeps
- c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i], page 182, column 2:
- How ſweet the moone-light ſleepes vpon this banke, […]
- (computing, intransitive) To wait for a period of time without performing any action.
- After a failed connection attempt, the program sleeps for 5 seconds before trying again.
- (computing, transitive) To place into a state of hibernation.
- 2009, Mike Lee, Scott Meyers, Learn Mac OS X Snow Leopard, page 91:
- Even when you have reasons not to sleep the computer, it's still a good idea to sleep the display after a period of time.
- (intransitive, mechanics, dynamics) To spin on its axis with no other perceptible motion.
- When a top is sleeping, it is spinning but not precessing.
- 1854, Anne E. Baker, Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases:
- A top sleeps when it moves with such velocity, and spins so smoothly, that its motion is imperceptible.
- (transitive, mechanics, dynamics) To cause (a spinning top or yo-yo) to spin on its axis with no other perceptible motion.
- 1995, All Aboard for Space: Introducing Space to Youngsters, page 158:
- Yo-yo tricks involving sleeping the yo-yo (like "walking the dog" and "rocking the baby") cannot be performed in space.
Derived terms Edit
- colorless green ideas sleep furiously
- does Dolly Parton sleep on her back
- how can you sleep at night
- sleep around
- sleep a wink
- sleep flower
- sleep in
- sleeping bag
- Sleeping Beauty
- sleeping pill
- sleep in heavenly peace
- sleep like a baby
- sleep like a dog
- sleep like a log
- sleep like a rock
- sleep like a top
- sleep off
- sleep on
- sleep out
- sleep over
- sleep rough
- sleep together
- sleep under the same bridge
- sleep with
- sleep with one eye open
- sleep with one's fathers
- sleep with the fishes
to rest in state of reduced consciousness
See also Edit
Etymology 2 Edit
- (uncountable) The state of reduced consciousness during which a human or animal rests in a daily rhythm.
- I really need some sleep.
- We need to conduct an overnight sleep test to diagnose your sleep problem.
- (countable, informal) An act or instance of sleeping.
- I’m just going to have a quick sleep.
- (informal, metonymically) A night.
- There are only three sleeps till Christmas!
- (uncountable) Rheum, crusty or gummy discharge found in the corner of the eyes after waking, whether real or a figurative objectification of sleep (in the sense of reduced consciousness).
- Synonyms: (informal) sleepy, (informal) sleeper, (informal) sleepy dust, (slang) crusty, (UK dialectal) gound
- Wipe the sleep from your eyes.
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, translated by H.L. Brækstad, Folk and Fairy Tales, page 233:
- When she had rubbed the sleep out of her eyes and wept till she was tired, she set out on her way and walked for many, many a day, till she at last came to a big mountain.
- 2017, Adam J. Fisch, Neuroanatomy: Draw It to Know It, Oxford University Press, →ISBN:
- [...] and draw the medial canthus (aka medial commissure) at the medial extreme. Now draw the lacrimal caruncle at the medial corner of the eye, which produces whitish, oily fluid—it produces “sleep in the eye.”
- 2019, Jahangir Moini, Anatomy and Physiology for Health Professionals, Jones & Bartlett Learning (→ISBN), page 780, entry "Medial canthus":
- The part of the eyelid that is the location of the lacrimal caruncle, which produces rheum or "sleep," the gritty substance often present when awakening.
- A state of plants, usually at night, when their leaflets approach each other and the flowers close and droop, or are covered by the folded leaves.
- 1843, Joh Müller, John Bell, Elements of Physiology, page 808:
- The daily sleep of plants, and their winter sleep, present in this respect exactly similar phenomena […]
- The hibernation of animals.
- see also Thesaurus:sleep
- (mucus in the eyes): sleepies, bed booger(s), eye bogey(s), eye bogie(s), eye booger(s), eye crust, eye goop(s), eye gunk(s), eye sand, eye-snot, eye snot, sleepy booger(s)
Derived terms Edit
- ageless sleep
- beauty sleep
- big sleep
- biphasic sleep
- cold sleep
- dead sleep
- deep sleep
- delayed sleep phase disorder
- divided sleep
- dog sleep
- eternal sleep
- fox sleep
- fox's sleep
- good night's sleep
- go to sleep
- lack of sleep
- lose sleep
- morning sleep
- no sleep for the wicked
- one could do it in one's sleep
- on sleep
- orthodox sleep
- polyphasic sleep
- put to sleep
- REM sleep
- segmented sleep
- sleep apnea
- sleep apnoea
- sleep black
- sleep camel
- sleep debt
- sleep dep
- sleep deprivation
- sleep disorder
- sleep hygiene
- sleep mask
- sleep mode
- sleep of the just
- sleep paralysis
- sleep schedule
- sleep spindle
- sleep start
- sleep talk
- sleep terror
- sleep tight
- sleep twitch
- treacle sleep
- twilight sleep
- wake-sleep algorithm
- yen sleep
state of reduced consciousness
informal: act or instance of sleeping
substance found in the corner of the eyes (gound), sometimes as a figurative objectification of sleep — see also substance found in the corner of the eyes (gound), sometimes as a figurative objectification of sleep
- John A. Simpson and Edmund S. C. Weiner, editors (1989), “sleep”, in The Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN.
Etymology 1 Edit
- → Papiamentu: sleep (dated)
Etymology 2 Edit
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
Middle English Edit
- Alternative form of