Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/weys-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*weys-[1][2][3]

  1. to raise, increase
  2. to produce, procreate
  3. to melt away, flow (?)[4]

Derived termsEdit

  • *wéys-e-ti (thematic root present)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *wéištei
      • Latvian: viest (to rear, raise, increase)
      • Lithuanian: veĩsti (to breed, rear)
  • *wéys-dʰh₁e-ti (dʰh₁e-present)[5]
  • *wis-né-s-ti ~ *wis-n̥-s-én-ti (nasal-infix)[2]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: vìsti (to multiply, breed)
  • *wis-éh₁-ye-ti (stative)
    • Proto-Italic: *wizēō
      • Latin: vireō (see there for further descendants)
  • *wí-weys-ti (i-reduplicated athematic root present)[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “1. u̯eis-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 3, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 1133
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “1.*u̯ei̯s-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 671-672
  3. 3.0 3.1 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “3.*u̯ei̯s-¹”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 672
  4. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “virus”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*u̯aižd”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 416
  6. 6.0 6.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003), “*waisō”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 441