This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁yaǵ-.

Verb edit


  1. to worship, sacrifice

Descendants edit

  • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *Hyáȷ́ati
  • Proto-Iranian: *Hyájati[1]
    • Younger Avestan: 𐬫𐬀𐬰𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (yazaiti)
      • Middle Persian:
        Manichaean script: 𐫏𐫉𐫏𐫏𐫅 (yzyyd)
        Book Pahlavi script: [Book Pahlavi needed] (YḎBHWN-tn' /⁠yaštan⁠/), [Book Pahlavi needed] (yzm /⁠yazam⁠/, 1sg.pres.)
    • Khotanese: [script needed] (gyaṣ-)
    • Parthian: [script needed] (yštg, to venerate, perf.pass.)
    • Old Persian: 𐎹𐎭𐎫𐎡𐎹 (y-d-t-i-y /⁠yadataiy⁠/)
      • Middle Persian:
    • Sogdian:
      Old Sogdian script: 𐼀𐼊𐼈𐼚𐼊 (ʾyzty)
    • Old Armenian: յազեմ (yazem)
    • Proto-Iranian: *Hyajatáh (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007) “*i̯az”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN