This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ā́nu, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵónu.

Noun edit

*jā́nu n

  1. knee

Descendants edit

  • Central Iranian:
    • Avestan: 𐬰𐬁𐬥𐬎 (zānu), 𐬲𐬥𐬏𐬨 (žnūm, knee,
  • Northeastern Iranian:
    • Khotanese: [script needed] (ysānū)
    • Ossetian: зоныг (zonyg)
    • Sogdo-Bactrian:
      • Khwarezmian: [script needed] (z’nwk)
      • Proto-Sogdic: *zā́nukā (see there for further descendants)
  • Southeastern Iranian
    • Ormuri-Parachi:
      • Ormuri: [script needed] (zānū)
      • Parachi: zânū
    • Pamir:
      • Ishkashimi: [script needed] (zung)
      • Shughni: zun
    • Pashto: زانو (zānú), زنګون (zengewn)
  • Northwestern Iranian:
    • Parthian: [script needed] (zʾnwg /⁠zānūg⁠/)
      • Middle Persian: [script needed] (zʾnwg /⁠zānūg⁠/)