Reconstruction:Proto-Mon-Khmer/punʔ

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This Proto-Mon-Khmer entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Mon-KhmerEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Mon-Khmer: *punʔ ~ *puən() ~ *pan() (Shorto, 2006, #1166)

Cognate with Santali ᱯᱳᱱ (pon).

NumeralEdit

cardinal number
4 Previous: *piʔ, *ʔuj ~ *ʔuuj ~ *ʔuəj ~ *ʔ(ə)j
Next: *p(ɗ)am, *suun ~ *suən ~ *sən

*punʔ

  1. four

DescendantsEdit

  • Aslian:
    • Semelaic:
      • Semelai: hmpon
  • Bahnaric: *puən (Sidwell, 2011) (see there for further descendants)
  • Katuic: *puan (Sidwell, 2005)
    • Bru: poːn
    • Pacoh: poan
  • Khmeric:
  • Khmuic: *puən (Sidwell, 2013)
    • O'du: pɑn
    • Phong: poːn
    • T'in: phoːn
  • Mangic:
    • Bolyu: puːn⁵³
    • Mang: puːn²
  • Monic:
  • Nicobaric: *foan (Sidwell, 2018)
    • Car Nicobarese: fën
    • Central Nicobaric:
  • Palaungic: *poon (Sidwell, 2010)
    • Lamet: poːn
    • Palaung:
    • Plang:
      • La Gang: pún
      • Man Noi: pún
    • Riang: kᵊpon¹ ~ kᵊpun¹
  • Pearic:
    • Chong: pʰoːˀn
  • Vietic: *poːnʔ (Ferlus, 2007) (see there for further descendants)