Reconstruction:Proto-Polynesian/rima

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This Proto-Polynesian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-PolynesianEdit

Proto-Polynesian cardinal numbers
 <  4 5 6  > 
    Cardinal : *rima

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *lima.

NounEdit

*rima

  1. hand

NumeralEdit

*rima

  1. five

NotesEdit

This term may in fact be *lima; identification is unclear due to a discontinuity in Tongan. If it were *rima, Tongan would be expected to have *ima, and if it were *lima, Tongan would be expected also to have *lima. No other Polynesian language fully distinguishes /ɾ/ and /l/. This reconstruction assumes that nima evolved out of *ima, which may have been modified to avoid confusion with a common homophone.

DescendantsEdit

  • Niuean: lima
  • Nuclear Polynesian:
  • Tongan: nima