See also: Hand, HAND, händ, hånd, hånd-, hand., and hand-

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English hond, hand, from Old English hand (hand, side (in defining position), power, control, possession, charge, agency, person regarded as holder or receiver of something), from Proto-West Germanic *handu (hand), from Proto-Germanic *handuz (hand) (compare Dutch, Norwegian Nynorsk, Swedish hand, German Hand, West Frisian hân), of uncertain origin. Perhaps compare Old Swedish hinna (to gain), Gothic 𐍆𐍂𐌰-𐌷𐌹𐌽𐌸𐌰𐌽 (fra-hinþan, to take captive, capture); and Latvian sīts (hunting spear), Ancient Greek κεντέω (kentéō, prick), Albanian çandër (pitchfork, prop).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: hănd, IPA(key): /hænd/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ænd

NounEdit

hand (plural hands)

  1. The part of the forelimb below the forearm or wrist in a human, and the corresponding part in many other animals.
    Her hands are really strong.
    Meronyms: index finger, middle finger, palm, pinky, ring finger, thumb
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      I made a speaking trumpet of my hands and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Hello!” at the top of my lungs. […] The Colonel woke up, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hi!” and “Hello!” like the bull of Bashan.
    • 2012, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, in New York Time[1]:
      Using her hands like windshield wipers, she tried to flick snow away from her mouth. When she clawed at her chest and neck, the crumbs maddeningly slid back onto her face. She grew claustrophobic.
  2. That which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a human hand.
    1. A limb of certain animals, such as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey.
    2. An index or pointer on a dial; such as the hour and minute hands on the face of an analog clock, which are used to indicate the time of day.
  3. That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once.
    1. (card games) The set of cards held by a player.
      1. A round of a card game.
    2. (tobacco manufacturing) A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.
    3. (collective) A bunch of bananas.
  4. That which has the appearance of, a human hand.
    1. A bunch of bananas, a typical retail amount, where individual fruits are fingers.
  5. In linear measurement:
    1. (chiefly in measuring the height of horses) Four inches, a hand's breadth.
    2. (obsolete) Three inches.
  6. A side; part, camp; direction, either right or left.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Exodus 38:15, column 1:
      [] on this hand and that hand were hangings []
    • 1649, J[ohn] Milton, “Upon the Rebellion in Ireland”, in ΕΙΚΟΝΟΚΛΆΣΤΗΣ [EIKONOKLASTES] [], London: [] Matthew Simmons, [], OCLC 1044608640, page 125:
      For that the Proteſtants were then on the winning hand, it muſt needs be plain; who notwithſtanding the miſs of thoſe Forces which, at thir landing heer, maiſter’d without difficulty great part of Wales and Cheſhire, yet made a ſhift to keep thir ownw in Ireland.
    • 1950, Bertrand Russell, acceptance speech for Nobel Prize in Literature
      I maintain, however, on the one hand, that there are few occasions upon which large bodies of men, such as politics is concerned with, can rise above selfishness, while, on the other hand, there are a very great many circumstances in which populations will fall below selfishness, if selfishness is interpreted as enlightened self-interest.
  7. Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill; dexterity.
  8. (especially in compounds) An agent; a servant, or manual laborer; a workman, trained or competent for special service or duty.
    Large farms need many farm hands.
    • 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. [], London: [] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, [], OCLC 153628242, book III, page 259:
      But a Dictionary of this ſort, containing, as it were, a Natural Hiſtory, requires too many hands, as well as too much time, coſt, pains, and ſagacity, ever to be hoped for; and till that be done, we muſt content our ſelves with ſuch Definitions of the Names of Subſtances, as explain the ſenſe Men uſe them in.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 2, in The Affair at the Novelty Theatre[2]:
      For this scene, a large number of supers are engaged, and in order to further swell the crowd, practically all the available stage hands have to ‘walk on’ dressed in various coloured dominoes, and all wearing masks.
  9. A performer more or less skilful.
    an old hand at public speaking
    • 1811, William Hazlitt, “A Day by the Fire”, in The Reflector:
      I was always reckoned a lively hand at a simile.
    • 1903, George Horace Lorimer, Letters from a Self-Made Merchant to his Son (page 46)
      At the church sociables he used to hop around among them, chipping and chirping like a dicky-bird picking up seed; and he was a great hand to play the piano, and sing saddish, sweetish songs to them.
  10. An instance of helping.
    Bob gave Alice a hand to move the furniture.
  11. Handwriting; style of penmanship.
    a good hand
    • c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 202, column 2:
      I ſay ſhe neuer did inuent this letter, / This is a mans inuention, and his hand.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, “Containing Instructions Very Necessary to Be Perused by Modern Critics”, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume IV, London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292, book X, page 4:
      [] I have ſometimes known a Poet in Danger of being convicted as a Thief, upon much worſe Evidence than the Reſemblance of Hands hath been held to be in the Law.
    • 1881–1882, Robert Louis Stevenson, “The Sea Chest”, in Treasure Island, London; Paris: Cassell & Company, published 14 November 1883, OCLC 702939134, part I (The Old Buccaneer), page 31:
      [] I found written on the other side, in a very good, clear hand, this short message []
    • 1886 January 5, Robert Louis Stevenson, “The Last Night”, in Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, London: Longmans, Green, and Co., OCLC 762755901, pages 74–75:
      'This is a strange note,' said Mr. Utterson; and then sharply, 'How do you come to have it open?' 'The man at Maw's was main angry, sir, and he threw it back to me like so much dirt,' returned Poole. 'This is unquestionably the doctor's hand, do you know?' resumed the lawyer. 'I thought it looked like it,' said the servant rather sulkily; and then, with another voice, 'But what matters hand of write,' he said. 'I've seen him!'
    • 2013 September 14, Jane Shilling, “The Golden Thread: the Story of Writing, by Ewan Clayton, review [print edition: Illuminating language]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Review)[3], page R28:
      [T]he pleasure of writing on wax with a stylus is exemplified by the fine, flowing hand of a Roman scribe who made out the birth certificate of Herennia Gemella, born March 128 AD.
  12. A person's autograph or signature.
    Given under my Hand and Seal of the State this 1st Day of January, 2010.
  13. Personal possession; ownership.
    • 1603, Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes, [], London: [] Adam Islip, OCLC 837543169:
      Receiving in hand one year’s tribute.
  14. (usually in the plural, hands) Management, domain, control.
    in safe hands;  in good hands;  He lost his job when the factory changed hands.With the business back in the founder's hands, there is new hope for the company.With John in charge of the project, it's in good hands.
  15. Applause.
    Give him a hand.
    • 2013, Tom Shone, Oscar nominations pull a surprise by showing some taste – but will it last? (in The Guardian, 11 January 2013)[4]
      Also a big hand for Silver Linings Playbook, an exuberant modern screwball comedy we had, in an unseemly fit of cynicism, deemed "too entertaining" for Academy voters.
  16. (historical) A Native American gambling game, involving guessing the whereabouts of bits of ivory or similar, which are passed rapidly from hand to hand.
  17. (firearms) The small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.
  18. A whole rhizome of ginger.
  19. The feel of a fabric; the impression or quality of the fabric as judged qualitatively by the sense of touch.
    This fabric has a smooth, soft hand.
  20. (archaic) Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner of performance.
  21. (archaic) Agency in transmission from one person to another.
    to buy at first hand (from the producer, or when new);  to buy at second hand (when no longer in the producer’s hand, or when not new);It's not a rumor. I heard it at first hand.
  22. (obsolete) Rate; price.
    • 1625, Francis Bacon, “Of Dispatch. XXV.”, in The Essayes [], London: [] Iohn Haviland [], published 1632, OCLC 863527675, page 143:
      For Time is the meaſure of Buſineſſe, as Money is of Wares: And Buſineſſe is bought at a deare Hand, where there is ſmall diſpatch.

Usage notesEdit

Hand is used figuratively for a large variety of acts or things, in the doing, or making, or use of which the hand is in some way employed or concerned; also, as a symbol to denote various qualities or conditions, as,

(a) Activity; operation; work; — in distinction from the head, which implies thought, and the heart, which implies affection.
His hand will be against every man. — Genesis 16:12
(b) Power; might; supremacy; — often in the Scriptures.
With a mighty hand . . . will I rule over you. — Ezekiel 20:33.
(c) Fraternal feeling; for example to give, or take, the hand; to give the right hand
(d) Contract; — commonly of marriage; for example to ask the hand; to pledge the hand

SynonymsEdit

  • (part of the arm below the wrist): manus (formal), mound (obsolete), mund (obsolete), paw (of some animals)

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from hand (noun)
Assistants (noun)

Coordinate termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See hand/translations § Noun.

See alsoEdit

Appendix:English collective nouns

Poker hands in English · poker hands (layout · text)
         
high card pair two pair three of a kind straight
         
flush full house four of a kind straight flush royal flush

VerbEdit

hand (third-person singular simple present hands, present participle handing, simple past and past participle handed)

  1. (transitive) To give, pass or transmit with the hand, literally or figuratively.
    • 2013 August 10, “Can China clean up fast enough?”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8848:
      It has jailed environmental activists and is planning to limit the power of judicial oversight by handing a state-approved body a monopoly over bringing environmental lawsuits.
    He handed them the letter.   She handed responsibility over to her deputy.
  2. (transitive) To lead, guide, or assist with the hand; to conduct.
    to hand a lady into a carriage
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To manage.
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To seize; to lay hands on.
  5. (transitive, rare) To pledge by the hand; to handfast.
  6. (transitive, nautical, said of a sail) To furl.
    • 1814, John Hamilton Moore, "Examination of a Young Sea Officer" in The new practical navigator nineteenth edition
      send the people up to hand the sail, and when up, before they goon the yard, I'll clap the rolling tackle on to steady it
  7. (intransitive, obsolete) To cooperate.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch hand, from Middle Dutch hant, from Old Dutch hant, from Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand (plural hande, diminutive handjie)

  1. A hand.

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

PronounEdit

hand

  1. Obsolete spelling of han (he)

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch hant, from Old Dutch hant, from Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand f (plural handen, diminutive handje n)

  1. A hand of a human, other simian or other animal with fingers.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: hand
  • Jersey Dutch: hānd
  • Negerhollands: hand, han, hant
  • Skepi Creole Dutch: hant

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of handball. Compare foot from football.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand m (uncountable)

  1. The sport handball.
    On va jouer au hand, tu veux venir?
    We're going to play handball. Do you want to come?

SynonymsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English hand

NounEdit

hand (plural hands)

  1. Alternative form of hond (hand)

DescendantsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand f or m (definite singular handa or handen, indefinite plural hender, definite plural hendene)

  1. (anatomy) A hand.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

“hand” in The Bokmål Dictionary.


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Akin to English hand.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand f (definite singular handa, indefinite plural hender, definite plural hendene)

  1. (anatomy) A hand.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Old Frisian and Old Saxon hand, Old High German hant, Old Norse hǫnd.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand f (nominative plural handa)

  1. A hand.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old FrisianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand f

  1. Alternative form of hond

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *handu, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Old Frisian and Old English hand, Old High German hant, Old Norse hǫnd.

NounEdit

hand f

  1. A hand.

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: hant
    • German Low German: Hand
      Westphalian:
      Westmünsterländisch: Hand
      Lippisch: Hand
      Ravensbergisch: Hand
    • Plautdietsch: Haunt

Old SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

NounEdit

hand f

  1. A hand
  2. A direction
  3. A behalf
  4. A sort, kind.

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish hand, from Old Norse hǫnd, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Cognate with Danish hånd, Norwegian hand, English hand and German Hand.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hand c

  1. (anatomy) A hand.
    Han tjatade jämt om att hon måste tvätta händerna.
    He was always nagging on her to wash her hands.
  2. (card games) A hand; the set of cards held by a player.
    Hon fick en bra hand, och satsade högt.
    She was dealt a good set of cards, and placed a high bet.

DeclensionEdit

Declension of hand 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative hand handen händer händerna,händren
Genitive hands handens händers händernas,händrens

The definite plural händren is archaic.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit