Reconstruction:Proto-Semitic/ṯin-

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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SemiticEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare with Central Atlas Tamazight ⵙⵉⵏ (sin) and Egyptian snwj; Hurrian šini (two) and Proto-Nakh *ši(n) (two).

NumeralEdit

Proto-Semitic numbers (edit)
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: *ṯin-

*ṯin-

  1. two

Reconstruction notesEdit

Various tentative forms are given below to account for the descendants, many of which seem to have incorporated a dual suffix. Huehnergard reconstructs the lemma as *ṯin(ā)- to reflect both the Akkadian and West Semitic roots. Testen reconstructs *ṯn-, with an initial consonant cluster, which accounts for the r forms in Aramaic and Modern South Arabian.

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Richard C. Steiner (2012), “Vowel Syncope and Syllable Repair Processes in Proto-Semitic Construct Forms: A New Reconstruction Based on the Law of Diminishing Conditioning”, in Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization[1], volume 67, ISSN 0081-7554, page 376
  • Huehnergard, John (2019), “Proto-Semitic”, in Huehnergard, John and Na'ama Pat-El, editors, The Semitic Languages, 2nd edition, Routledge, →ISBN
  • Testen, David (1985) "The Significance of Aramaic r < *n" Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 143-146.