Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ьca

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier *-ьka, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ikaʔ, from Proto-Indo-European -i-keh₂.

SuffixEdit

*-ьca f

  1. Denominal, forms diminutives.
    *myšь (mouse)*myšьca (a small mouse; muscle)
    *vьrvь (rope)*vьrvьca (cord, string)
  2. Deverbal (from the stem), forms agent nouns.
    *ubiti (to kill)*ubьjьca (killer)
    *ědti > *ěsti (to eat)*ědьca (eater)
  3. Structural formant, without a base noun to synchronically derive from.
    *ovьca (sheep)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ьца (-ĭca)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: -ce
    • Polish: -ca
    • Slovak: -ca
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: -ca
      • Upper Sorbian: -ca

Further readingEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32