Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-ežь

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Equivalent to *-ogъ +‎ *-jь. Derivatives from stative/essive *-ěti verbs are also attested with the doublet ending *-ěžь, probably due to association with the verb extension, like in:

SuffixEdit

*-ežь m

  1. Deverbal, forming action nouns.
    From verbs ending in -C- (rarely)
    */padti/ > *pasti (to fall)*padežь (fall)
    */mętti/ > *męsti (to mix)*mętežь (chaos, confusion)
    *sluti (to utter)*slovežь (utterance)
    *orsti (to grow, to rise)*orstežь (upgrowth)
    From causative verbs ending in -i-
    *grabiti (to grab, to seize)*grabežь (grabbing)
    *gorditi (to build)*gordežь (building, construction)
    *strojiti (to construct)*stroježь (construction)
    *strьmiti (to seek)*strьmežь (aim, strive)
    *paliti (to ignite, to set on fire)*paležь (arson)
    *valiti (to rain/snow)*valežь (precipitation, rain/snow-fall)
    From causative verbs ending in -ě- (obsolete, mainly in South Slavic)
    *goděti (to get engaged)*godežь/*goděžь (engagement)
    *kopněti (to yearn, to long for)*kopnežь/*kopněžь (dream, desire)
  2. Deadjectival (possibly via a causative or stative verb), forming a noun denoting a property or a state.
    *moldъ (young)*molděti (to be young)*moldežь (youth)
    *pьlnъ (full)*pьlniti (to fill)/*pьlněti (to get full)*pьlnežь/*pьlněžь (filling, stuffing)
  3. Denominal (possibly via a causative verb), forming a noun denoting a result.
    *čьrta (nick, dash)*čьrtiti (to draw)*čьrtežь (draft)
    *platъ (fabric, cloth)*platiti (to pay)*platežь (payment)

Alternative formsEdit

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Usage notesEdit

  • Usually it's not used with roots ending in g/k/x/s/z (see *-ьba).

DescendantsEdit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ежь (-ežĭ)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32